Zucchini Black Beauty: the secrets of growing an excellent harvest


Zucchini is a universal culture loved by many summer residents. This vegetable is undemanding to the structure of the soil and unpretentious in care. Nowadays, bush varieties are very popular, giving large yields for a long time. This is exactly what the black handsome zucchini belongs to.

Description of zucchini Black handsome

Zucchini Black Beauty was included in the State Register in 2006 in the Central and Central Chernozem regions for cultivation in the open field, as well as in the North-West and Volgo-Vyatka regions - for cultivation in greenhouses.

Zucchini is a common bush variety of squash. These green-fruited vegetables are high in vitamin C.

On a compact, highly leafy bush, up to 5 fruits are formed at the same time. Leaves are medium in size, green, covered with a spotted pattern, strongly dissected.

Each bush of zucchini-zucchini Black handsome forms up to 5 ovaries at the same time

Fruits are smooth, slightly ribbed at the base, cylindrical, of medium length and medium diameter. The rind is moderately thin, glossy, dark green. The pulp is white, with a greenish tint, quite dense and juicy, has a pleasant delicate taste. Seeds are medium in size, elliptical, whitish.

Zucchini Black handsome grows up to 22 cm in length and reaches a weight of 0.8-1.7 kg. The total yield is 3.9-8.5 kg per 1 m2... This is an early ripe variety: 45–55 days pass from germination to the beginning of fruiting. The main harvesting period is July - August. This zucchini is perfect both for cooking various dishes and for canning.

Black handsome is suitable for cooking squash caviar

Advantages of the variety:

  • early ripeness,
  • excellent taste,
  • excellent presentation,
  • good transportability,
  • long fruiting period,
  • high yield,
  • universal use.

Landing features

Depending on the climatic characteristics of each region, the Black Beauty can be planted from the end of April to the end of May. Seeds germinate at a soil temperature of +10 ... + 13 ° C.

Despite the fact that this variety is rather unpretentious, it feels best on light fertile soils: black soil and loam... Refuses to grow and develop on acidic and swampy soil.

Cruciferous, nightshade, legumes and root vegetables are considered the best predecessors of squash.

Site selection and landing pattern

The site for the Black Beauty should be well lit by the sun for 8-12 hours. And you should also take care of protecting the zucchini from drafts. Both seedlings and seeds must be planted, observing the distance between plants at 70 cm, row spacing - 80 cm. This vegetable can be planted in a seedling and non-seedling way.

For planting zucchini zucchini, you should select a well-lit and draft-free place

Seedling planting method

The seedling method of planting zucchini zucchini is in demand in regions with short cool summers.

Seedling method of growing zucchini helps to avoid the negative effects of cold climates

Seedling growing process:

  1. For faster and more friendly germination, the selected seeds must be soaked for 12-24 hours in a growth stimulator.
  2. After that, they must be wrapped in a damp cloth. In a couple of days, the first shoots will appear.
  3. The seeds that have hatched should be planted in separate plastic or peat cups. The containers need to be filled with a mixture of garden soil and leaf humus, to which you can add a little wood ash, urea and other mineral fertilizers.
  4. The cups filled with soil must be moistened.
  5. The seeds should be laid down with the hatched root down, deepening by 3 cm.
  6. The containers with the planted seeds must be removed before germination in a warm, bright place. And also it is necessary to monitor the moisture content of the soil, preventing drying out.
  7. It is necessary to plant seedlings in a permanent place only after the morning frosts stop and the daytime temperature remains at 20 ° C. To speed up rooting, it makes sense to add a handful of humus, wood ash, or other organic fertilizers to each hole.

If there is a likelihood of recurrent frosts, in the first days after planting, the seedlings should be covered with a film, airing daily. If the planting of seedlings fell on excessively sunny days, at first the plants need to be shaded with agrofibre so that the tender zucchini seedlings do not burn out under the scorching sun. As soon as they get stronger and begin to grow actively, the shelter can be removed.

Seedless planting method

With the seedless method, zucchini-zucchini seeds are planted in the first decade of May, taking into account the likelihood of recurrent frosts. If necessary, you should prepare straw, foil or agrofibre so that you can cover sensitive seedlings in case the temperature drops to zero or below.

Seeds are planted in 3-4 pieces in each hole in warm, loose soil to a depth of 4-5 cm. After planting, it is advisable to mulch wet soil with humus, compost or just dry soil. Seedlings appear within a week. Weak plants must be removed as they grow.

Zucchini shoots appear within a week

Plant care

It is not difficult to take care of the zucchini zucchini: you just need to comply with the planting dates and adhere to the basic rules for caring for growing plants.

It is impossible to loosen the soil around the squash, as it has a superficial location of the root system.

Even a novice gardener can take care of zucchini-zucchini

Watering

You need to water the zucchini 1-2 times a week, using 5-7 liters of water per 1 m2 landings. During flowering, the frequency of watering should be increased up to 3-4 times a week, and the water consumption - up to 8-10 liters per 1 m2 landings.

Top dressing

During the growing season, it is necessary to feed the plants three times:

  1. Before flowering - 0.5 liters of mullein per 10 liters of water at the rate of 2 liters of infusion per 1 plant.
  2. During flowering, dissolve 50 g of potassium nitrate and 50 g of superphosphate in 10 liters of water and add 1 liter of solution to each plant.
  3. During the formation of fruits - chicken dung diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20, or manure - 1:10, 4 liters of infusion for each bush.

Timely harvest

Harvesting is necessary when the zucchini reaches a length of 15-18 cm. It is advisable to do this every 3 days, avoiding over-ripening of the fruit.

Video: proper care for zucchini

If the bushes form an insufficient number of ovaries, then this problem can be solved by attracting insects for pollination. You just need to spray the plants with sweet water.

Reviews of gardeners about zucchini Black handsome

Zucchini Zucchini Black Beauty is a fairly fruitful variety, despite the ease of maintenance. Subject to the timing of planting and timely feeding of the emerging plants, an excellent harvest of this tasty and healthy vegetable is guaranteed to you.


Zucchini Aeronaut: variety description, photos, reviews

Zucchini
  1. Description of the variety
  2. Characteristics of the variety
  3. Yield
  4. Scope of the fruit
  5. Disease and pest resistance
  6. Pros and cons of the variety
  7. Preparatory activities and planting zucchini
  8. Soil enrichment
  9. Seed preparation
  10. Planting seeds
  11. Planting care
  12. Watering
  13. Soil treatment
  14. Top dressing and insulation

Characteristics and description of the variety of zucchini Zebra

A detailed description of the variety with a photo of the fruits will help you assess the size of the bushes, the quality of the harvest of this original zucchini, and determine how profitable the cultivation of this zucchini will be.

Characteristic Description
Appearance Elongated shape of the fruit with longitudinal stripes of light green and dark green on the skin
Zucchini size Weight - 0.5-0.9 kg, length - 20 cm
Pulp White-yellow tint and juicy texture
Growing In an open garden, under a film, in a greenhouse or greenhouse
Plant height 80 centimeters to 1.2 meters
Ripening period 35-45 days from germination
Yield Up to 15 kg per bush
Cultivation area The southern regions of Russia, in the Middle Belt and northern regions - under cover.

Zucchini Zebra looks like a compact bush with short shoots and rather large dark leaves. Many fruits grow on such a small plant. Their length rarely exceeds 20 centimeters, and their weight is about one kilogram. It is better to pick this vegetable unripe, as soon as the zucchini reaches a weight of 700 grams. A unique feature of the variety is its variegated color.

The zucchini itself is dark green, almost black, but it is covered with light stripes, which explains the name of the vegetable.

When cut, you can see that the skin of the Zebra is quite thin. But, despite its small thickness, it has a high density and protects the fetus well from damage. Zucchini flesh is typically white with a slight yellow tinge.

Variety yield and growing conditions

This variety is often used for industrial purposes because of its high yield. From one plant it is possible to collect up to 15 zucchini per summer.

This means that there are 10-12 kilograms of vegetables per square meter.

To achieve such indicators, you need to properly care for the garden. To begin with, you should place the seedlings at a distance of 70 cm from each other. Such a planting scheme will allow intelligent use of the area and will give the zucchini access to the sun and fresh air. In the greenhouse, you can plant zucchini in a 40 x 50 cm pattern.

Applicability in culinary

This vegetable provides the opportunity to enjoy a delicate taste and also has tremendous health benefits. The pulp of the fruit contains many vitamins (groups B, A, C, etc.) and folic acid. Thanks to this, zucchini helps to remove toxins from the body and has a positive effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

Unlike zucchini, raw milk zucchini can be added to salad.

Zebra is also suitable for stuffing, baking in the oven and frying. The juicy pulp will make excellent squash caviar or original jam. The crop of this variety can be stored in a dark place for several months without harm to its appearance and taste.


Seeds - Zucchini Diamant F1

Minimum amount for the entire order: 1200 rbl .

By Russian Post cash on delivery (You pay by mail upon receipt) Delivery to all cities and towns where there is a post office. If your us. point is TC SDEK, it is better to order them, faster and cheaper than mail.

Pickup from a warehouse in the Moscow region.

Description

The Diamant variety is a high-yielding variety, since one bush can produce up to 20 zucchini per season. It is a semi-growing bush with many strong dark green leaves. Diamant's leaves do not differ with pronounced spotting, but they have strong cuts on the sides.

The culture bears fruit after 40 days after the first shoots.

Zucchini Diamant are cylindrical in shape and up to 22 cm long. One mature zucchini weighs approximately 1 kg. The color of the ripe fruit is dark green with frequent stripes and spots along the entire length, the skin is thin. Underneath is a strong white pulp with elliptical beige seeds inside. Diamond perfectly tolerates transportation and is well stored.

Young zucchini can be eaten raw, more mature ones require heat treatment in the form of stewing or frying.

Before planting, the seeds of the Diamant squash must be kept in a damp cloth, where they will open slightly and show green sprouts.

Diamant is sown in open ground in May - early June in rows according to the following sowing pattern: 70 * 70. The depth of planting a zucchini seed in the soil is about 6 cm. Before immersing the seeds in the hole, spill the bottom with warm water.

It is not necessary to sow zucchini directly into open ground, you can prepare seedlings in advance, they do this in early April. And then, within 25 days, it is planted in the garden. The only thing that needs to be done is to ensure that the soil temperature does not drop below 15 degrees during and after planting.

The best place for planting zucchini Diamant will be a garden bed where early vegetables - carrots, potatoes or other root vegetables - were previously fruitful.


Growing rules

Eggplant can be grown in seedlings or sown directly into the ground. The second option is more suitable for the southern regions, where the soil warms up to the required temperature (13–15 o C) already in April. And by the end of July-beginning of August, the first harvest can be expected.

Seedling preparation

In cold regions, as well as for early harvests, eggplant should be grown in seedlings. The number of fruits in the seedling method also increases.

To obtain seedlings, eggplant seeds must be sown in February, preferably in peat pots with a diameter of 80 mm. Both plastic cups and plastic bags with soil can be used as a container for planting: any individual container eliminates the need for subsequent picking and makes it easier to transfer plants to a permanent place. The soil in the pots must be pre-disinfected in order to avoid diseases of the seedlings. It is best to use purchased primer.

The first step in seed preparation is sizing

If you bought non-coated seeds, you need to prepare them for sowing. First of all, they are sorted by size, damaged and moldy seeds are removed. To select full-weight seeds, you need to soak the seed in salt water for 20-25 minutes. All floating seeds are considered unsuitable for sowing. Dry the remaining seeds.

Before planting, it is necessary to disinfect the seed - soak for 15–20 minutes in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate. You can disinfect in another way: immerse the seeds for 20 minutes in water with a temperature of 50 ° C, then for 1 minute in cold water. After that, place the seeds in a solution of trace elements for 12 hours, and then in the refrigerator for 24 hours.

To protect seeds from infections, they are dipped in a solution of potassium permanganate

To increase the vitality and accelerate germination, seeds can be treated with a growth stimulator: soak in a solution of wood ash, sodium humate or nitrophoska (5–10 g per 1 liter of water). You can use ready-made preparations, for example, Energen.

Seeds are planted to a depth of 2-3 cm in warm moist soil and covered with a film to maintain the temperature and humidity conditions. For rapid germination, the air temperature should be about 22–26 o C. Germination begins in 6–10 days. In this case, you need to immediately remove the film and reduce the air temperature to 16-18 о С during the day and 14-15 о С at night. This regime is maintained for 6-8 days, then the daytime temperature is again raised to 26-27 degrees, and the nighttime temperature is left at the same level. Under these conditions, the root system develops optimally, and the plants are prepared for the outdoor climate.

Eggplant seedlings need illumination with phytolamps for full development

It should be borne in mind that young eggplants need about 12 hours of daylight for proper development, and in February, daylight hours are only 8-9 hours. Therefore, the seedlings require artificial illumination, which is carried out with special phytolamps, as well as ordinary LED or fluorescent lamps. Lamps are placed at a distance of 0.5 m from the seedlings.

Video: caring for eggplant seedlings

In addition to lighting, seedlings require proper watering and feeding. The first 1–1.5 weeks are watered no more than once every 6–7 days, using warm (25–28 degrees) water. Watering must be done carefully so that the roots do not become exposed and water does not get on the leaves. It is advisable to add potassium permanganate to the water during the first 2-3 waterings (until pink). Starting from two weeks after germination, watering is carried out as the topsoil dries out. With a lack of watering, the stem will begin to wood ahead of time, and subsequently the yields will be insufficient. At the same time, moisture stagnation should not be allowed so that root rot does not occur.

Top dressing starts from 7-10 days after seed germination, then fertilizers are applied once a week, preferably together with watering. The main fertilizer should be phosphorus preparations.

To prevent diseases, the soil should be sprinkled with ash once a month.

Planting seedlings in the ground and caring for plants

Before replanting seedlings to an open garden or greenhouse, it is necessary to prepare the soil.

Soil preparation and planting of eggplants

The soil is prepared in the fall - before the autumn digging, they are introduced into the soil for each square meter of humus (4 kg), superphosphate (0.5 kg) and potassium chloride (0.1–0.15 kg). Please note that eggplants cannot be planted in the same place every year.

For planting in greenhouses, a soil consisting of turf and rotted manure (ratio 3: 1) is recommended, with a layer thickness of 25-30 cm. In spring, 10 g / m2 of nitrogen compounds should be added.

Re-planting eggplants in the same place is allowed after 3-4 years. Cannot be planted after potatoes, tomatoes and other nightshades. The best precursors for eggplant are onions, cabbage, pumpkin, and legumes. The soil for eggplant requires light, loose, rich in organic matter.

The most favorable time for transplanting into open ground is May-early July, depending on the timing of sowing seeds. Transplanting seedlings to a permanent place is usually carried out 75–80 days after emergence. By this time, 10-12 full-fledged leaves are formed on the bushes, sometimes even flowering begins. After being transplanted to the garden bed, young seedlings of the Black Handsome begin to develop actively and in about a month they bring the first harvest.

After nearly 2 months of growing in containers, the seedlings may already be in bloom.

It must be borne in mind that planting in open ground should be carried out at a soil temperature of at least 14 ° C (this usually happens in April). Lower temperatures have a negative effect on plant development. To protect the root system, you can plant seedlings on a "warm bed", into which straw, grass and other organic matter are embedded to a depth of 30–40 cm, which releases heat during decomposition.

If you sowed seeds directly into open ground, be sure to treat young plants when the first flowers appear with growth stimulants (for example, Energen). Without this, the development of the bushes will be very slow.

No more than 10 ovaries are left on the bush to avoid crushing the fruit. Stepsons (shoots growing from leaf sinuses) are recommended by many to be removed, but you can not do this - the less the plant is injured, the better. It is necessary to promptly remove the yellowed lower leaves, as well as deformed fruits.

You can form a plant in 1, 2 or 3 stems

Watering

Watering should be regular, preferably in the evening. Water should be used warm (24–25 o C), but it should not get on the leaves. For the first 1-2 weeks after planting, water the plants to a minimum, so that there is no drying out. Subsequently, it is watered every 3-5 days in hot weather and every 8-10 days in wet weather. Lack of moisture adversely affects plants - development slows down, flowers and ovaries fall off. Excess water is also harmful, as it causes diseases of the root system. After each watering or rain, it is necessary to loosen the soil under the bushes (to a depth of 4 to 8 cm, depending on the age of the bush) and hilling the plants. Row spacings need to be loosened 5–6 times per season.

Hilling is necessary to improve aeration of the root system

The optimum temperature for growing eggplants is 26-28 degrees. At lower temperatures, flowering ceases, and at temperatures below 13 ° C, plants begin to die. Prolonged heat (more than 30 ° C) also leads to oppression of eggplants.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Feeding eggplants is needed at least 4–5 times over the summer. For the first time, it must be carried out 2-3 weeks after transplanting. The optimal feeding consists of a solution of compounds of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus (10 g per 10 l of water) You can use a ready-made complex fertilizer (for example, Solution). The second time this procedure is carried out during the budding period (1-1.5 tablespoons of potassium sulfate and ammonium nitrate per bucket of water, then a teaspoon of superphosphate granules under each bush). When the first fruits appear, nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizer is given (for example, 1.5 tablespoons of ammophoska per bucket of water). Periodic fertilization with solutions of chicken manure or mullein will also be useful.

20-25 days before harvesting the fruits, 1 glass of fertilizer solution is poured under each plant (1 tablespoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water).

Video: the secrets of growing eggplant in the open field

Disease prevention

To protect eggplant from disease, it is necessary to observe crop rotation and other agricultural rules.

  • For the prevention of late blight, plants should be treated with ash, and when a disease occurs, with copper preparations (for example, Bordeaux liquid).
  • For the prevention of tobacco mosaic, periodic spraying with Fitosporin or a milk-soap solution (20 g of soap per 1 liter of milk) will help.
  • Treatment with fungicides (Horus, Antracol) helps against gray rot. Diseased fruits must be collected and destroyed.
  • From the black leg, the plants are treated with Trichodermin.

Eggplants can be attacked by pests

  • aphid,
  • spider mite,
  • whitefly.

Treatment with insecticides (Konfidor, Fitoverm) helps against them.

Photo gallery: preparations for protecting eggplants from diseases and pests

Bordeaux liquid - an indispensable tool for the garden and vegetable garden Fitoverm helps fight vegetable pests Fitosporin is essential for the treatment and prevention of fungal and bacterial diseases Horus helps against gray mold

Harvesting and using the crop

If the Black Handsome eggplant is properly cared for, the fruiting period will last 2 months. The fruits must be harvested as they ripen, otherwise the plant will weaken, and subsequent harvests will not be of the highest quality. Eggplants are firmly attached to the stalks, so you need to cut them off with a sharp knife or pruning shears. Eggplants are stored for a long time: even without a refrigerator, the fruits can lie for 2-3 weeks. The black handsome man is suitable for preparing both everyone's favorite caviar and other culinary delights.

Along with eggplant caviar, fried eggplant is one of the most popular dishes.

Video: this healthy vegetable is eggplant


Article - a review of the Iskander F1 zucchini variety, its description, characteristics, cultivation and care

This article will focus on one of the foreign varieties of zucchini obtained as a result of selection - "Iskander" F1

Zucchini of this variety may well be a pleasant discovery for those who have not heard anything about it yet. Iskander of the first generation has a juicy, pleasant taste. In addition, it does not require complex maintenance. You can look at numerous reviews and photos on the Internet.

History of the Zucchini Iskander variety: description of the Zucchini Iskander variety: the rules of cultivating the variety How to prepare the seeds of the vegetable marrow for planting Soil preparation Planting the Iskander zucchini directly into the open ground Further care of the Iskander zucchini Diseases and pests of the vegetable marrow Iskander F1 zucchini yield Reviews of the Iskander zucchini


Reviews of gardeners

Anna Ivanovna, Lipetsk: “I have been growing this handsome man for more than one year. The hybrid produces large and beautiful fruits with a uniform color. They lie very well, do not deteriorate for several weeks. Tomatoes are great for preparing blanks for the winter. "

Igor, Tomsk: The Krasavchik hybrid pleased me with the taste of the fruit and the long shelf life. I grow it in a greenhouse, I form a bush into one stem, then more fruits are tied on the branches. Tomatoes ripen dense, bright red, as in the photo from the package of seeds. "

Alexander Sergeevich, Yekaterinburg: “Handsome f1 really pleases with delicious fruits that do not crack and tolerate transportation well. But it seemed to me that its yield cannot be called high, it is rather average. "

When compiling the article, materials from the sites were used:


Watch the video: Zucchini Growing Tips I Wish Id Known. Home Gardening: Ep. 5


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