Self-seeding flowers are good in that they do not need to be planted every time anew - once sowed and forgotten. They require virtually no maintenance. It is only necessary to observe the main condition - in order for self-seeding to occur, wilted inflorescences must not be removed. Here are the representatives of such plants.
One of the brightest and most beautiful flowers in the garden is rudbeckia. Yellow, orange or purple sun inflorescences appear in July and remain until frost begins.
Depending on the variety, the height of the stems can reach 40-130 cm. Rudbeckia seeds are sown in open ground at the end of May. The site must be well lit. The sprouts that have appeared are thinned out, leaving a distance of about 30 cm between the shoots to provide a sufficient amount of light for the sun-loving culture.
Rudbeckia will start blooming next year. A perennial plant is unpretentious to the soil composition. It can grow on clay soils and loam. Fertile lands are undesirable - rudbeckia will grow leaves to the detriment of flowering.
The flowers of the samoseyka poppy are white, pink, red or purple. Sometimes there are eyes on the petals, intricate bright patterns and stripes.
The plant loves sunny places, but it can grow in a small shade. Poppy is not picky about the composition of the soil, but it grows and blooms best of all on fertile soil enriched with lime. The cultivation of self-seeding poppy does not cause any particular hassle. It is enough to sow seeds in the ground in early spring.
Too dense seedlings are recommended to thin out. The plant is unpretentious in care, it tolerates cold well, but waterlogged soil can become destructive for it, because his roots quickly begin to rot. In good conditions, poppy bushes with bright and large flowers can grow up to 130-140 cm.
Fragrant tobacco with white, red, yellow, pink or crimson star flowers is very popular with gardeners. Its amazing scent attracts bees to the site. The most fragrant are flowers with a pale color.
As a rule, flowers open in the evening, at sunset. At this time, they begin to smell even stronger. Fragrant tobacco blooms from mid-summer to autumn.
An ornamental plant is not demanding on the soil, but if the soil is poor, then in the fall it must be dug up, humus or compost must be added. The plant does not like direct sunlight and strong winds.
When planting in the ground, the distance between the bushes should be 20-30 cm. This is a thermophilic plant, therefore it is planted only in the complete absence of frost at night.
In the middle lane, fragrant tobacco can multiply by self-seeding, but in the absence of snow in winter and frosty weather in spring, there may not be seedlings. Therefore, most often for the winter, fragrant tobacco is transplanted into pots and removed indoors. In the spring, the bushes are transplanted into open ground again.
Delphinium, also known as larkspur, is an extraordinarily beautiful plant with nearly a hundred vibrant flowers. The stem can reach over a meter in height.
Delphinium seeds are sown in the ground immediately to a permanent place, since the seedlings do not tolerate transplants well. They are lightly sprinkled with a small layer of earth. The best time for planting is March-April or September-October, as they need cool air (no higher than 10-15 degrees) and moisture for good germination.
A delphinium sown once will subsequently reproduce by self-seeding.
There are a huge number of varieties of petunias, and each is good in its own way. But among all this variety, only ordinary, monochromatic, not terry, multiplies by self-seeding. At the same time, the color of flowers can change annually, as the plants will be pollinated.
Self-sowing petunias are very unpretentious. It is believed that they can literally grow on the sand. Bright, fragrant flowers last until the first frost.
For plants to look well-groomed and bloom more densely, the growing shoots need to be pruned / pinched every week. To maximize the possibility of self-seeding of petunias, it must be planted in areas protected from the wind.
Pansies amaze with a variety of colors and shades. They grow well in sunny areas. In the shade, the flowers become smaller, and the plant itself grows longer. They grow poorly in damp places where water stagnates.
Seeds are sown in open ground in June-July, the plants will bloom next year, and will bloom from April until the first frost. Pansies are resistant to frost, but poorly tolerate winters with little snow. Spring thaws with night frosts are especially dangerous for them. For the winter, the flower bed needs to be covered.
In order for pansies to multiply by self-seeding, you need to leave seed pods on the plants. After they are ripe and open, the seeds will crumble into the soil. There is no need to touch the ground, the seeds will sprout by themselves.
All you need to do is thin out the seedlings. Plants are pollinated among themselves and can change their color and size. To preserve the purity of the species, different varieties must be planted at some distance from each other.
Snapdragon, or Antirrinum, pleases gardeners with a wide variety of flower colors. He is able to decorate flower beds, lawns, curbs, terraces. Its flowering continues until the onset of frost in the fall.
The frost-resistant snapdragon tolerates overwintering well in the open field. To do this, in the fall, the bushes of antirrinum must be cut very shortly - the height of the stems should reach 5-8 cm. After that, the area must be mulched with dried foliage or sawdust mixed with peat.
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You can significantly reduce your annual garden costs by growing flowers that reproduce themselves. There are many beautiful and spectacular plants for which self-seeding is a natural way to reproduce their own kind. Let's see what kind of flowers they are, while focusing on the most unpretentious species for any garden plot.
Nasturtiums and viols reproduce by self-seeding
Verbena is one of the first flowers to settle in my flower bed. At that time we were building a house with might and main, we had a baby in our arms, we had to live in Spartan conditions.
But the passion for floriculture lived in me even then. Seeing a cheerful multi-colored verbena meadow at a neighbor's house, I asked her for some seeds. Since then, this beautiful unpretentious flower has been growing with me.
Verbena requires a minimum of maintenance, it tolerates heat and dry periods, and at that time a more delicate plant would not have survived for me. My beauty reproduces by self-seeding, blooms from the end of June until the first frost. Verbena has beautiful not only flowers, but also graceful leaves. Bushes are low, fluffy, especially beautiful when they grow in a group. There is also some benefit in this - after watering, the soil retains moisture longer and the weeds are not so rampant.
For beginner flower growers and for those who do not have time for complex flower care now - self-propagating verbena varieties are ideal for decorating a flower bed! Even if luxurious and exotic plants appear in your garden, you will still not refuse a modest charming verbena!
So, let's consider what flowers can be sown for self-sowing propagation. Names and photos of cultures await you.
Cornflowers captivate with their simple beauty. Graceful flowers of heavenly shades (blue, blue, white, purple, red, burgundy, pink are also found). Unfortunately, in summer cottages or plots of private houses, it is not so common to see cornflowers. Many undeservedly ignore this delicate flower. Cornflower should not cause any difficulties, it is unpretentious and undemanding to care for. If you plant them in the garden once, then in the future they will actively multiply without your intervention.
They sprout well with ordinary sowing in open ground, this should be done around the beginning of May. For earlier flowering, you can sow a cornflower seedling at home (approximately at the beginning of April). You can use plastic cassettes or a common bowl, you need to plant seeds at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other, then cover with soil with a layer of 3-5 mm.
The yellow and orange calendula flowers look very cheerful. They are able to bloom from summer to late autumn. The culture is completely unpretentious, it is very easy to grow it. In addition, it is able to protect flower and vegetable crops from pests due to its phytoncidal and insecticidal properties.
It grows very well when sown in open ground. Seeds should be planted at a distance of 20 centimeters from each other. However, if you sow calendula for seedlings, you may see earlier flowering in the summer. It is better to do this at the end of March, in April. You need to sow immediately into individual cups, pots, sow into holes 2 centimeters deep. When landing in a common box, a distance of 4 cm is required.
Eschsholzia is a beautiful compact undersized plant. The flower resembles a poppy (therefore, its original name is California poppy). It has large flowers of bright colors (yellow, orange). Foliage is also of interest. It is extremely undemanding to care for, drought-resistant, has a long flowering from summer to mid-autumn.
Seedlings are sown in early March. Since damage to the root system can cause negative consequences, it is necessary to immediately sow in individual containers (cassettes, cups, peat tablets). The seeds are covered with soil with a layer of 1 millimeter. Then it is recommended to put the container in the refrigerator for several days for stratification.
Sowing Escholzia in open ground can be done both before winter (late autumn) or in spring (in April). It is advisable to store the seeds in the refrigerator for stratification prior to this.
Purslane prefers dry, sunny locations with sandy soil. The ground cover plant spreads over the site with a lush and bright carpet, without requiring particularly painstaking care. Its stems and leaves are fleshy, thick. The succulent plant is also called "fatty grass".
You can sow directly in the garden, but it is better to first plant the purslane for seedlings (approximately in the second half of March, in the first half of April). Don't forget to add more river sand to the potting mix. Sowing purslane is superficial; for convenience, you need to mix the seeds with sand.
Cosmea or Mexican aster has large, charming inflorescences with long petals. Her colors are always very cheerful and delicate: pink, cream, white, crimson. Many varieties are tall. It is very unpretentious to care for and reproduces well by self-seeding. Because of this, it is found everywhere. Having landed her once, in the future this place will end in a beautiful flower garden.
You can plant the cosmos in open ground both in spring (early May), and before winter in late autumn (in November). To do this, shallow pits should be made at a distance of 30 cm from each other, 3-4 seeds should be slightly pressed into one hole. You do not need to cover it with earth. When shoots appear, thin out, leaving the strongest shoots.
A rarer method of reproduction of cosme: through seedlings (in early April). It is better to immediately plant in individual cups or plastic cassettes. Sow shallow, just press in the seeds lightly.
Perennial rudbeckia also has annual varieties. They reproduce very well by self-seeding. In North America (home of the wonderful flower) she is called "Black-eyed Suzanne" because of the black center. Lush and bright inflorescences evoke associations with the sun.
It is more convenient to first sow rudbeckia seedlings (at the end of March, at the beginning of April), and then plant them in a flower garden. For sowing, you need to make grooves in a bowl (their depth is 5 mm, the distance between them is 2 cm), seeds are planted in the grooves and covered with soil with a layer of 3 mm.
Lavatera (or hautma, wild rose) is a bushy plant with graceful flowers, most often they are pink or white. Differs in long flowering. To sow lavater on seedlings, you need to make grooves in the box (their depth is 1 cm, the distance between them is 3 cm), and then seeds are planted in the grooves with an interval of 3 cm, covered with earth.
When planting in open ground, it is required to maintain a distance between seeds of about 20-25 cm. This can be done from mid-May.
The sunny coreopsis flower will decorate any area with its cheerful and variegated flowers. As a rule, the petals are colored in two colors. Annual varieties are small in height. They are very unpretentious, resistant to cold, drought, but do not like waterlogging.
Most often, coreopsis is planted immediately in a permanent place; this can be done before winter in November, and in spring at the end of April. You need to plant the seeds at a distance of about 5 centimeters, so that later they thin out, leaving the strongest, after thinning there should be a gap of 20 centimeters between the plants.
Growing coreopsis through seedlings is more troublesome, but it will bloom earlier. The seeds are laid out on the surface of the ground in a box, slightly pressed into the soil, and sprinkled on top with a thin layer of sand.
Iberis is a delicate and unpretentious flower that reproduces very well by self-sowing. It does not tolerate transplanting well, so you can plant it immediately in open ground in early May. Or you can sow it on seedlings in March in cups or pots, after sowing, sprinkle the seeds with sand with a layer of 1 mm.
The one-year-old delphinium (like the perennial one) has very cute, delicate flowers, they can have different colors (white, lilac, pink, pale red, blue).
You can sow under winter directly into open ground in late autumn. And you can first sow delphinium seeds for seedlings at home (at the end of February, at the beginning of March). When sowing, it is required to maintain a distance between the seeds: 2 centimeters, from above they are covered with soil with a layer of 2 mm. They need stratification, so the bowl needs to be refrigerated for 2 weeks.
Nigella has beautiful star-shaped flowers of delicate shades - blue, blue, pink. She also has interesting patterned leaves. Resistant to cold and heat, does not require anxious care. The downside is its short flowering.
You can sow nigella for seedlings in March, the seeds are buried in the soil by 2 centimeters with an interval of 3 cm.And when sowing in open ground, an interval of 15 cm must be observed.
Euphorbia fringed is a very ornamental plant. Differs in beautiful leaves with a white border, white flowers, although very small, but very interestingly complement the decorativeness of the plant.
Bordered spurge can be planted directly in the garden in mid-May or for seedlings in mid-April. The seeds are deepened by 1 centimeter. You need to transplant it with an interval of 30 centimeters.
Morning glory is a climbing plant with beautiful showy flowers. Long weaving vines of morning glory are ideal for vertical gardening, they can be used to decorate gazebos, walls of buildings, trellises, fences. The culture has a long flowering - all summer.
It is better to plant in a permanent place in mid-May, observing a gap of 20 centimeters between seeds. Ipomoea seedlings can be sown in early or mid-April, because the seedlings grow quite quickly.It is recommended to soak the seed in a growth promoter before sowing. It is better to plant one seed at a time in cassettes or cups, deepening by 1 cm.
The petunia has a very interesting, bright, lush flowering. You can find petunias of various colors. It reproduces well by self-sowing, however, it is worth noting that plants of different flowers can undergo cross-pollination, and next year you can see flowers of an interesting new shade.
Petunia is grown through seedlings. Sowing optimally in February, early March. It is optimal to first sow petunias in a common box, and then dive. For convenience, you can mix small seeds with sand and scatter over the surface of the earth. Can also be sown on snow.
Forget-me-not is charming, undemanding in care, perfectly reproduces by self-seeding. Plants that are small in height have delicate, small flowers. Longer flowering is observed in the shade. In general, the culture is shade-tolerant.
Sowing in open ground is carried out in May on a school (distribution bed): rows are made with a depth of 5 mm with an interval of 15 cm, seeds are sown in them, and covered with earth. After the emergence of seedlings, it is necessary to thin out the plants so that there is a gap of 10 cm between them. They are transplanted to a permanent place at the end of August or in the spring of the next year. Do not be afraid to transplant her, she tolerates transplanting very well.
Cultivation of forget-me-nots through seedlings is carried out in case they want to see spring flowering. This requires planting it very early - in November.
Snapdragon (antirinum) is attractive for its flower shape and variety of shades. Differs in a long flowering period. You can sow its seedlings in February and March. We recommend using a slightly alkaline potting mix. For sowing snapdragon for seedlings, it is better to use a common container, grooves need to be made in it at a distance of 3 cm from each other, the optimum depth is 3 mm. In these grooves, seeds of anti-rhinum are sown, and on top they are sprinkled with a thin layer of sand (literally one millimeter).
The ground cover plant alissum has a number of advantages: pleasant smell, miniature, graceful flowers that cover the entire bush, long flowering. Ideal for rock gardens, rockeries, mixborders.
Alyssum should be sown on seedlings at the end of December and at the beginning of March, best of all in the grooves. The gap between the seeds is 1.5 cm. They are covered with a 5 mm layer of sand.
It is possible to sow in open ground after the threat of return frosts has disappeared, that is, around the beginning or middle of May. Seeds are scattered over the surface, slightly pressed to the ground.
I don't really like flowers - one-year-olds, because you need to plant seedlings every year, and this is a cost of time, space on light windowsills. Next year, everything will be new. Therefore, the main part of my flower beds is occupied by perennials, and the rest are flowers that reproduce by self-sowing.
Self-sown flowers are unpretentious, but in their beauty they are not inferior to those that were grown in greenhouse conditions under our protection.
An unpretentious flower, tall - can be planted near a fence or a shed, and dwarf varieties will perfectly decorate a flower bed. There are very beautiful terry varieties that also reproduce by self-sowing.
It comes in a variety of colors to brighten up your garden.
Has different colors. Dwarf varieties look great under fruit trees.
Has a lot of colors. Sowing for the first time is done from above on the ground, we spray it from a spray bottle. If the soil is clay, then add sand.
6. Mallow (stock-rose) - except for double varieties
Tall ones - we plant near fences or a barn. There are also dwarf varieties.
Unpretentious, very aromatic. Has many colors.
-A perfect plant for alpine slides.
A beautiful climbing plant of different shades will decorate your gazebo.
A very beautiful parody of conifers. Plant once and enjoy!
Also, self-sown echinacea, purslane (except for terry varieties), petunia (the grade is not preserved), daisies.