Review of the 20 best varieties of eggplant for outdoor use


Choosing the best for your garden, you automatically choose not only the quality of vegetables, excellent characteristics and taste, but also give yourself the opportunity to use a minimum of labor costs. Eggplant is a vegetable among the varieties of which any gourmet can find to his liking, and no matter what size, color, yield you prefer, there is plenty to choose from. Let's take a look at the best ones.

Early varieties of eggplant

Early eggplants are good not only for the quick ripening of the long-awaited vegetables, but also for the opportunity to get a full harvest in the northern regions. If in May you do not have the opportunity to plant eggplants in the ground, and in June night frosts are possible, you should choose early varieties for your garden. Choose hybrids for your garden that have proven themselves among farmers and gardeners.

King of the north

Hybrid with high resistance to frost, subject to hardening of young shoots. Ripeness occurs at 90 - 100 days, but many note that in 70 - 80 days, the fruits can already be fully formed.

It is possible to remove from 3 to 4 kg of even purple cylinders from one plant.

The taste is quite delicate, a small amount of voids even at maximum maturation. Stored at a temperature of 12 - 15 degrees for up to two months, ideal for preparing blanks.

Bibo

This is a white-skinned eggplant with super early ripening. After 60 - 70 days, you will remove up to 15 even and smooth snow-white vegetables weighing up to 500 g from one bush. It is unpretentious, and perfectly pollinates and matures both in the greenhouse and in the ground.

Black handsome

The black handsome variety has an ideal dark shade, the fruits are small, up to 200g, but up to 3 kg can be removed from one root. After 70 - 80 days, it gives a friendly harvest, but it is worth protecting from the first frosts, it requires additional shelter.

Mid-season varieties

These eggplants are best used in regions where there are no unexpected frosts, or grown in a greenhouse. Due to the longer ripening period than in early ripening ones, you should carefully monitor the temperature in the greenhouse. The more stable the temperature and humidity, the richer the crop will be.

Albatross

If you like teardrop-shaped eggplants, round, fleshy, without voids, then this is your option. A variety for fresh consumption, conservation and long-term storage. Easy to transport, has a high keeping quality, this has become the main reason for choosing among farmers.

Diamond

One of the most favorite eggplant of gardeners in the middle lane. It is considered a dwarf bush, but very branchy, formed in the form of a ball. Decorative. Aging period up to 80 days. You can get up to 8 kg from one bush. Fruit weight up to 180g. The formation of flowers occurs from June to August, and the fruiting in this regard is long.

Marzipan

Connoisseurs of the delicate and tasty pulp of this eggplant prefer it not only for this reason. Ripens in 110 - 120 days, has a beautiful pear-shaped shape, deep purple hue.

Eggplant varieties for greenhouses

High-yielding varieties grow well in greenhouses, they require care, but respond to it with amicable and good fruiting. Stable temperature and humidity allow you to choose tall plants - from each such bush, you can remove from 5 to 12 kg of vegetables.

Robin the Hood

A mid-season hybrid, requires the formation of a bush, but has a low growth of up to 60 cm. The plant has thorns. Pear-shaped, rounded fruits with low bitterness, ripening at 90 days. Medium keeping quality, for all types of canning and cooking.

Policeman

Tall, up to 240 - 260 cm, ripens up to 120 days from the time of planting. Fruits ranging in size from 20 to 35 cm, yield - up to 9 kg. Requires the formation of a bush, it is enough to leave 2 stems, on which up to 15 fruits ripen at the same time.
Excellent taste for both fresh and salted consumption.

It can be stored fresh for up to 2.5 months, loses its presentation a little, dries out, but the taste remains.

Sophia

A late-ripening variety with large fruits. Ripe fruits reach 30 cm and weigh up to 900g. The bush is up to 150 cm high, forms itself, but pinching is required. Up to 17 kg can be removed from one plant. very dense purple fruits. Perfectly stored and transported, the shelf life is the highest among all varieties with such a productivity - up to 3 months.

Open ground varieties

If you plan to grow your eggplant outdoors, suitable frost-resistant varieties are essential. In the middle lane, even the most patient vegetable to temperature changes requires shelter for the period of night frosts. Only zoned hybrids are ideal for a greenhouse.

Vakula

Patient enough to temperature changes, you can plant seedlings at the end of May. Height up to 120 cm, has a strong and dense stem. Pinching is not required, the bush forms itself. Up to 8 kg of eggplant can be removed from one bush.

Bull heart

Does not tolerate spring frosts, therefore, plant in open ground after their end. Rounded fruits weighing up to 300 g., Bush up to 80 cm., Yield about 8 - 12 kg. Unpretentious in agricultural technology, but does not tolerate overflow.

Alekseevsky

One of the best outdoors. The height of the bush is up to 70 cm, very branchy, fruits up to 150g, but in one season it is possible to collect up to 9-10 kg. A garter is required, as the bush is very fragile.

The best multi-colored varieties

White-skinned varieties were bred in order to get rid of the bitterness, which is contained precisely in the coloring enzyme. Eggplants of other colors were obtained by crossing.

Swan

One of the best white eggplants. It has not only white skin, but also flesh. Can be grown both in soil and in a greenhouse. The height of the bush is up to 70 cm., The weight of the fruit is up to 250 g. The yield of one plant is up to 6 kg.

Icicle

Unusual due to its shape, which is why it is attractive. Bush up to 80cm. Fruits up to 300g. Up to 5 kg can be removed from one bush.

Flamingo

The name speaks for itself - beautiful pink, curved fruits weighing up to 40hg. They are in time for 130 days. Shrub up to 180cm, spreading and high-yielding. Up to 16 kg can be harvested from one plant.

Purple Haze

Dark pink fruits weighing up to 180 g, ripen, on average, in 120 - 130 days. Bush up to 150cm, branched. It is afraid of frost; in a greenhouse, up to 5 kg can be removed from one plant.

Yoga

Unusually - green fruits, reminiscent of curled corn. Each weighing up to 250g., Up to 20cm long. The bush is up to 80 cm, semi-spreading, does not require formation. The pulp and rind have no bitterness.

Emerald

Bright green fruits weighing up to 300 g., Ripen on average up to 100 days. The plant tolerates temperature extremes and mild drought. From one root in 120 days, you can get up to 5 kg of vegetables.

Chinese lantern

In 80 - 110 days after sowing, at 70 cm, unusual eggplants begin to turn red in the bush. Unusual bright color and shape makes them look like decoration. Weight up to 180g, yield - up to 3 kg per plant.

The best purple varieties

Even the fact that new bright colors of the vegetable with low bitterness appeared did not distract from the standard purple favorites. Among them, the leading varieties are:

King of the north

Resistant to frost, technical ripeness for 90 - 100 days, but can be removed for 70 - 80 days. Up to 4 kg of even purple, very beautiful fruits are removed from the bush.

Purple miracle

Hybrid. It tolerates drought patiently, but it is necessary to use a lot of water one time. The bush is up to 90 cm high. Beautiful elongated fruits weighing up to 250g. Maturation at 90 - 115 days. From one plant, you can get up to 8 kg of eggplant.

Diamond

Dwarf variety. Height up to 50 cm, but the bush is very branched. It looks very decorative, in the form of a ball, does not require shaping. Ripeness for 80 days. Fruits up to 180 - 200g.

During the season, you can get up to 8 kg of beautiful bright purple fruits.

The best varieties for the Moscow region

The middle lane is a fairly mild climatic zone, but late summer and early autumn do not allow late-ripening varieties to fully ripen. Greenhouses help with this, but it is still worth choosing early and mid-season varieties.

These varieties will give an excellent harvest and bring a minimum of hassle:

  • King of the north. Will give an excellent harvest in the absence of frost in early summer. It proved to be excellent both in greenhouses and in the ground;
  • Black Prince. It is worth choosing it not only because of its decorative effect. The rich purple color hides the delicate pulp without bitterness, and from one bush it is possible to get fruits up to 8 kg.;
  • Sophia. Even when planting in the ground, and covering in the first week, you will receive up to 15 - 17 kg of large, up to 900g per season. Eggplant.
  • Albatross. Mid-season, but ripening early enough. On day 90, the first fruits can be removed. Beautiful cylindrical shape and delicate taste. Patient about drought;

If you dream of a friendly and high harvest, minimal labor costs and pleasing to the eye vegetables, you should choose seeds zoned for your area, provide proper care, and do what you love with pleasure.


Breeders offer specific solutions for different climatic zones. The best varieties of eggplant for open ground in each region are different. In addition to taking into account the zoning factor, it is necessary to decide on such parameters as:

  • the height of the bush and the need for a garter
  • shape, color and size of fruits
  • subtleties of taste.

Modern eggplants must have several important qualities:

  1. Endurance to sudden temperature changes and cold snaps.
  2. Early terms of consumer ripeness (90 - 130 days from germination).
  3. Lack of bitterness and pleasant pulp aroma.
  4. Evenness and beauty of fruits, shape convenient for cutting.
  5. Stable yield.
  6. Disease resistance.

As a rule, the newest hybrids have a full range of advantages. But there are also excellent non-hybrid varieties, which is convenient for those who like to grow vegetables from their seeds.


Selection of varieties in 2020

To determine the choice of a variety for germination on the site, you should weigh all the positive and negative sides. For example, the best varieties of eggplant for outdoor use can be short or tall bushes that require a garter. Fruits, like tops, set after 85-130 days, depending on the ripening rate of the variety. Appearance - can vary in shape, length and color.

Speaking of taste, we can distinguish both vegetables with a bitter aftertaste and fruits with a sweet and neutral taste. Breeders have tried to find various solutions that will please even people who prefer gourmet dishes in their daily diet.

For central Russia in 2020, it is best to choose eggplant varieties suitable for open ground (beds) with the best qualities. Namely, such as:

  • resistant to diseases and pests
  • varying ripening times
  • bright or vice versa, neutral taste
  • even color of the peel, with iridescence or irregularities
  • more than average yield
  • endurance to temperature extremes and light frosts.

The best are the new varieties of hybrids that stand out in full measure of their merits. Their only drawback is the impossibility of re-growing from seeds. If you want to save money, it is better to choose classic varieties, with the possibility of storing and planting seeds from already harvested eggplant fruits.


Questions - answers

Tell me the most productive varieties of early or medium-ripening eggplant? I would like to harvest faster. Thanks.

From early maturing varieties of eggplant are suitable: King of the North F1, Long Purple, Robin Hood, Balagur, Purple Miracle F1.
Mid-term or mid-season eggplant varieties: Almaz, Swan, Striped flight.

Remember that in order to get a good harvest, you need to properly care for it. Varieties and hybrids must be planted in appropriate climatic conditions. As for the yield indicators, it is always higher in the greenhouse.

What brand of eggplant seeds should you buy?

Firms are popular: Partner, Aelita, Gavrish, SeDek.

BEST PROVIDED EGGPLANT VARIETIES AND SEEDING TERMS - video

What varieties of eggplant are best for planting in a greenhouse?

Well suited for greenhouse conditions varieties and hybrids of early or medium-ripening eggplants. If you are a novice vegetable grower, you should choose low-growing eggplants: they don't need a garter, it's easier to grow. Bagheera, Balagur, Black Beauty, Baikal F1, namesake and others will do.

I want to try growing eggplants in my small summer cottage: which variety is better to choose?

It all depends not only on which type of eggplant is best suited for a particular growing area. The place of planting, in which strip of the country you live, experience in vegetable growing, matters. With a small footprint of the site, low-growing varieties of eggplant for open ground are suitable. For example, Albatross, Black Moon F1, Robin Hood, Diamond.

How to choose eggplant seeds?

Seeds should be bought only of high quality and from a well-known manufacturer. As a rule, the seeds are already being processed, so they do not need to be soaked additionally. There are those who hold the opposite opinion, recommending soaking, just in case. There is no need for this. The protective layer will simply be washed off, which may not be the best way to affect the plantings. Always proceed in accordance with the instructions on the packaging.

What is the best variety of eggplant for the Moscow region (according to feedback from summer residents with experience)?

It is difficult to single out any one variety or hybrid of eggplant that would grow well in the Moscow region. Some people like the variety Balagur, others like Agate. The third is Giselle. All of them are recommended for cultivation in the central part of the country.

Help choose the best varieties of eggplant for Siberia

In Siberia, you can grow eggplant varieties: hybrids King of the North F1, Clorinda F1, King of the market F1, Bibo F1, Big hulk F1
you can also grow varieties: Gardener's Dream, Maria, Black Diamond.
The main requirement for growing eggplants in Siberia is indoor ground (hotbeds or greenhouses). Not in all areas of the Siberian region it is possible to achieve a good harvest of eggplants in the open field.

Eggplants are an excellent choice for planting at their summer cottage. Moreover, in modern times, when their cultivation does not necessarily require a warm climate. The article considered the best varieties and hybrids of eggplant for greenhouses and open ground, the most productive and persistent, foreign and Russian production. The choice is huge.


Mid-season varieties

These eggplants are best used in regions where there are no unexpected frosts, or grown in a greenhouse. Due to the longer ripening period than in early ripening ones, you should carefully monitor the temperature in the greenhouse. The more stable the temperature and humidity, the richer the crop will be.

If you like teardrop-shaped eggplants, round, fleshy, without voids, then this is your option. A variety for fresh consumption, conservation and long-term storage. Easy to transport, has a high keeping quality, this has become the main reason for choosing among farmers.

One of the most favorite eggplant of gardeners in the middle lane. It is considered a dwarf bush, but very branchy, formed in the form of a ball. Decorative. Aging period up to 80 days. You can get up to 8 kg from one bush. Fruit weight up to 180g. The formation of flowers occurs from June to August, and the fruiting in this regard is long.

Connoisseurs of the delicate and tasty pulp of this eggplant prefer it not only for this reason. Ripens in 110 - 120 days, has a beautiful pear-shaped shape, deep purple hue.


Late-ripening eggplant varieties

This category includes varieties with a ripening period of more than 150 days. They are suitable for year-round cultivation in heated greenhouses, as well as in the southern regions of Russia (Krasnodar Territory, Crimea, Astrakhan Region, southern Volgograd Region, etc.). If you are lucky enough to have a plot in these regions, we recommend combining early, mid-early and late eggplant varieties. So, you can harvest for almost two months!

The early varieties are good for cooking, while the middle and late varieties are great for canning and storage.

‘Black handsome’

The 'Black handsome' eggplant variety begins to bear fruit 135 days after germination. It has a high yield, large fruits of 700-900 g. The ‘Black Beauty’ eggplant variety is loved by culinary experts for the dense white pulp of the fruit of excellent taste without bitterness.

Sophia

The crop is harvested in 134-147 days. 900 gram fruits are not uncommon on the bushes of this variety. Sweet white flesh. Unpretentious variety: grows well and sets fruits even in not the best weather conditions.

The first fruits ripen in 133-145 days. Their mass reaches 1 kg., And on one node there can be two or three fruits. The variety is resistant to diseases, unfavorable weather.

The variety is represented by low-growing spreading plants. Differs in high productivity. Fruiting occurs 140–150 days after planting. The eggplants are pear-shaped, blue-violet in color. They can weigh up to 1 kg. There is no bitterness.

'Bull's forehead' is suitable for growing in open field and film greenhouses.

'' Policeman F1 '

This hybrid is resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus and a number of other diseases. The bushes are sprawling, powerful, can grow up to 3 m in height. Fruits are large cylindrical, the color is traditional dark purple. The pulp is firm, retains its shape when fried. The crop is characterized by increased keeping quality and can be stored for a long time.


The best varieties of eggplant for different climates

For cultivation throughout Russia, the varieties Bombovoz, Gardener's Dream, Robin Hood, Taste of mushrooms and hybrids Bibo, Bourgeois Valentina, Clorinda, Epic, Bull's Heart are suitable.

For the Central strip, the Moscow region and the Leningrad region, in addition to the previously listed varieties Alenka, Kirovsky, Sancho Panza and the Baron, Bernard hybrids, which for many years have been among the most popular among vegetable growers, can be recommended. These high-yielding and excellent-tasting varieties can be cultivated both under film, in greenhouses, glass greenhouses, and simply on open ground beds.

For areas with a similar climate, varieties with extended fruiting and good resistance to fungal and viral diseases should be chosen. If possible, they should be resistant to spring return cooling on the ground and in the air.

For Siberia and the Urals, it is necessary to choose cold-resistant early varieties, for example, Almaz and Vera, or hybrids like the King of the North F1. It is necessary to choose varieties that are well tolerated by lower temperatures, their sudden changes and unfavorable growing conditions.


Watch the video: 7 FATAL MISTAKES: Why Seeds Not Germinating or Sprouting?


Previous Article

Echeveria 'Green Abalone'

Next Article

Varieties Of Orange Fruit: Learn About Different Types Of Oranges