The succulent plant sedum, or sedum, is a member of the Tolstyankovy family. In the people, such a succulent is also called feverish or hernial grass. Under natural conditions, it can still be found in Eurasia, Africa, South and North America in meadows and dry slopes. The name sedum comes from the word "sedo", which translates from Latin as "to calm down", this is due to the fact that foliage in some species was used as an anesthetic. There is a myth about how Telehos, the son of Hercules, healed with such a plant a severe wound that Achilles inflicted on him with a spear. To date, more than 300 species of such a plant are known, while only about 100 species are cultivated, and there are still a large number of hybrids and varieties. Among them there are garden plants (for example, sedum large), and there are indoor plants (for example, Morgan's sedum).

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Landing... Sowing sedum seeds for seedlings is carried out in March or April, transplanting seedlings into open soil is carried out in the last days of May.
  2. Bloom... In the summer and autumn.
  3. Illumination... Penumbra, diffused or bright sunlight.
  4. Priming... Anyone will do, even stony ones, but organic fertilizer must be added to it before planting.
  5. Watering... As a rule, only natural precipitation is enough for stonecrop, however, with prolonged drought, it must be systematically watered.
  6. Fertilizer... In spring and autumn, sedum is fed with a solution of organic matter or a complex mineral fertilizer (infusion of mullein (1:10) or bird droppings (1:20)). Experts do not recommend feeding the plant with fresh manure.
  7. Reproduction... By dividing the bush and cuttings, and less often by seeds.
  8. Harmful insects... Weevils, aphids, thrips and sawfly caterpillars.
  9. Diseases... Fungal rot.
  10. Properties... Some of the species of such a plant have medicinal properties, they are distinguished by anti-inflammatory, stimulating, wound healing, antitumor, regenerating, hemostatic and tonic effect.

Stonecrop features

Sedum - this herbaceous succulent plant is a perennial or biennial, it is represented by shrubs or dwarf shrubs. The leaf plates are alternately fleshy, solid and sessile, they can be opposite or whorled, they can also have a different shape, size and color. Lateral or apical inflorescences can have an umbellate, corymbose or racemose shape, they include bisexual star-shaped flowers of various colors. Flowering is observed in summer or autumn. Sedum is an excellent honey plant that attracts bees to the garden. At home, as a rule, tropical sedum is cultivated, while perennial frost-resistant species with erect or creeping shoots are grown in garden plots. All species are drought tolerant and light-requiring, but they thrive in light shade. Sedum is a relative of Kalanchoe, rejuvenated, echeveria and spotted petals.

CLEANER VISIBLE, SEDUM, HARE CABBAGE unpretentious flower in the garden. Cultivation, care, reproduction.

Growing stonecrop from seeds

Sowing

In the open field, sedum can be grown from seed through seedlings. Seeds are sown in March or April, the distance between them should be from 40 to 50 mm. For this, containers or boxes are used, which must be filled with a soil mixture consisting of sand and garden soil, they are covered with coarse sand on top. Crops must be carefully moistened from a spray bottle, then covered with film or glass from above, and then removed to the lower shelf of the refrigerator for stratification, while the air temperature should be from 0 to 5 degrees. As long as the crops are on the shelf of the refrigerator, they must be ventilated every day, while the accumulated condensate must be removed from the surface of the shelter. The soil mixture should be slightly damp at all times. After half a month, the crops should be placed on the windowsill, while the required air temperature should be about 18-20 degrees. The first seedlings should appear 15-30 days later, before this happens, the crops must be systematically ventilated, condensation must be removed from the surface of the shelter, and the soil mixture must be moistened from the sprayer immediately after it dries.

Sowing seeds for seedlings, if desired, can be carried out before winter. This should be done in the same way as described above, but the crops are not removed to the refrigerator shelf, but they are transferred to the greenhouse or buried in the ground, under these conditions the seeds will undergo natural stratification. Crops must be brought into the room in April for germination.

Growing seedlings

The seedlings of such a plant are very small. After the emergence of seedlings is massive, the shelter is removed from the container. The picking of plants into individual small pots is carried out during the formation of their second true leaf plate. It is very simple to care for the seedlings, for this it is necessary to systematically water it and lightly loosen the surface of the soil mixture. When 7 days remain before transplanting into open soil, they begin to harden it, for this, the plants are transferred to the street every day, while the duration of such a procedure must be increased gradually.

Sultan sedum planting seeds. Sowing result.

Planting stonecrop in open ground

When to plant sedum in the ground

Stonecrop seedlings are planted in open soil in the last days of May after the threat of return spring frosts has been left behind. It is a picky plant, so you can choose both a sunny area and partial shade for growing it, but it grows best in the light. The site should be open and located away from deciduous shrubs and trees, the fact is that if the bushes are covered with foliage in autumn, then with the onset of spring he will not have the strength to break through it.

Landing rules

This plant is also unpretentious to the composition of the soil, it can be grown even on rocky soil, but in order for the bushes to be very effective, organic fertilizers (compost or humus) must be added to the ground before planting. Planting holes must be made in the ground, while the distance between them should be about 0.2 m, then the plants are transplanted into them. The planted seedlings need abundant watering. The flowering of bushes grown from seeds begins at 2–3 years.

Sedum of Evers. Correct fit.

Caring for stonecrop in the garden

When growing sedum in your garden, you need to weed it quite often. However, there is a kind of caustic soda that is able to get rid of all weeds by itself, and therefore it is often used to frame alpine slides and flower beds. But almost all other species are capable of suffering from weeds, so they must be removed in a timely manner. Watering is carried out only during prolonged drought. The growth of the stems must be monitored, and therefore they should be shortened in a timely manner, not allowing them to grow. To preserve the decorative effect of the bushes, inflorescences and foliage that have begun to fade must be removed immediately, while all green stems must be cut out from bushes with multi-colored shoots. In spring and autumn, sedum is fed with complex mineral fertilizer or liquid organic (solution of bird droppings (1:20) or infusion of mullein (1:10)). You cannot feed this plant with fresh manure.

Stonecrop propagation

How to propagate this plant by seed was discussed at the beginning of this article. Sedum can be grown from seeds collected with your own hands, but it is highly likely that these plants will not inherit the varietal characteristics of the parent plant. Generative (seed) propagation is recommended only for initial cultivation, and it is also suitable for breeding new varieties. To propagate varietal bushes, it is best to use the vegetative method (dividing the bush or cuttings).

Ground cover species can be grafted before or after the bushes bloom. The stalk is cut off from the stem, while its length should be about the size of a finger, all the lower leaf plates are cut off from it, and then planted in a loose soil mixture for rooting, while at least 1 node must be buried in the substrate. After rooting, the cutting is transplanted to a permanent place. In springtime, cuttings should be immediately planted in open soil. In the autumn, several stems are cut off, and then they are put into a vase, like a bouquet, while watching the water so that it does not stagnate, it should be systematically replaced. By the onset of spring, all cuttings should have roots, after which they can be planted in open ground. If the cuttings are rooted in the middle of winter, they will need to be planted in separate pots, and in the spring they are transplanted by transferring them into open ground to a permanent place.

It should also be remembered that any part of the stem or the entire shoot can be rooted right on the spot. The soil surface located directly under the stems must be cleaned of weeds, then fertilizers are applied to the ground, leveled and tamped. After that, several stems are pressed to the surface of the prepared area, which are covered from above with a soil mixture consisting of sand and garden soil, which is then pressed a little. With this method of propagation, 7-10 cuttings out of 10 take root.

Vigorous bushes, as well as those plants that are older than 4–5 years, can be propagated by division. To do this, at the beginning of the spring period, the sedum must be removed from the soil, all the soil is removed from its rhizome, after which the bush is divided into several parts, while it must be taken into account that both buds and roots must be present on each cut. Places of cuts will need to be treated with a fungicidal preparation, after which parts of the bush are removed in a cool shaded place for several hours, where they should dry out. After that, the delenki are planted immediately in a permanent place.

The sedum is prominent. Reproduction in spring and autumn.

Transfer

A bush can be grown in the same place for no more than 5 years, after which it must be rejuvenated. To begin with, all the old stems are cut off from him, then fresh soil and fertilizers are poured under the root, but if there is such an opportunity, then it is better to transplant sedum. As a rule, during the transplantation of the bush, it is divided into parts, how to do this is described in detail above.

Diseases and pests

This culture is highly resistant to diseases and harmful insects. However, problems can also arise with it, for example, if watering is excessively frequent and abundant, or the summer period is rather cool and rainy. In this case, the bush may be affected by fungal diseases. The first sign that the bush is sick is the appearance of dark spots on its leaf plates. You can cope with the disease by treating it with a fungicidal preparation. Those plants that are very strongly affected are recommended to be removed from the soil and destroyed.

Aphids, sawfly caterpillars, weevils and thrips can settle on sedum. To get rid of weevils, they must be collected by hand; for this, white material is spread under the bush and at night, by the light of a flashlight, pests are shaken off the plant, after which they must be destroyed. In this case, false caterpillars, aphids and thrips can be destroyed by spraying the plant with an insectoacaricide solution, for example, Aktellik.

Sedum after flowering

Seed collection

Before proceeding with the collection of stonecrop seeds, it must be taken into account that the plants obtained from them are not able to preserve the varietal characteristics of the parent plant. You also need to remember that the flowering of this plant continues until severe frosts, and in winter it leaves with green foliage, which will also make it very difficult to collect seeds. And you also need to remember that sedum is very easily propagated by cuttings or by dividing a bush.

How to prepare for wintering

After the first real frosts are left behind, it is recommended to cut the bush, while trimming should rise above the soil surface, the length of which should not exceed 30–40 mm. These scraps must be covered with a layer of soil. If desired, the cut stems can be rooted (see above), and in springtime they can be planted in a permanent place in the open ground. If you like the look of sedum covered with snow, then you don't need to cut it off. However, it should be borne in mind that with the onset of spring, the bush should still be cut off, as it will lose its attractiveness.

Unpretentious garden flowers Sedum prominent and perennial aster

Types and varieties of stonecrop with photos and names

All types of sedum are divided into ground cover plants, which are sedum (Sedum), and sedum (Hylotelephium), which are taller and they are allocated in the subgenus of sedum. The most popular among gardeners are the sedum types described below.

Sedum large (Sedum telephium)

Or sedum, or telephium sedum (Hylotelephium triphyllum), or purple sedum (Sedum purpureum), or leguminous grass, or crow tallow, or live grass, or hare cabbage.

Such a perennial is a melliferous plant, which reaches a height of 25-30 centimeters. Its shoots are erect and thick. Oval sessile flat leaf plates can be opposite or alternately located, their edge is serrated. Flowering is observed from mid to late summer. At the tops of the shoots, lush corymbose paniculate inflorescences are formed, consisting of yellow-green or red flowers. Under natural conditions, such a plant can be found in the temperate climate of Europe and Asia, while it prefers to grow in clearings, in pine forests, on forest edges, in bushes and on the slopes of ravines. This type is medicinal; in alternative medicine, its foliage is used as a tonic and strengthening agent. This type has several subspecies:

  • common legume - flowers are dark purple;
  • ordinary big - flowers are white-green or white-yellow;
  • ordinary ordinary - this one differs from the ordinary large subspecies in the shape of the leaf plates, which taper towards the base;
  • common Ruprecht - color of inflorescences is white-cream.

As a result of the work of breeders, a large number of varieties of this species appeared and almost all of them are quite popular in culture. The most popular varieties are:

  1. Matron... The height of a powerful bush is about 0.6 m. Large greenish-blue leaf plates grow on dark purple shoots; over time, their edge turns red. The flowers are pinkish.
  2. black Jack... The height of the bush is about 0.4 m, its foliage is purple-blue. The dense inflorescences include pink flowers.
  3. Linda Windsor... The color of erect shoots is maroon, the foliage is dark red, and the flowers are ruby-colored.
  4. Strawberry and Cream... The height of such a hybrid plant is about 0.4 m. The leaf plates are green, the buds are pinkish-red, and the flowers are cream, which makes the inflorescences look two-colored.
  5. Picolette... The height of the compact bush is about 0.3 m, it is decorated with small bronze-red leaf plates with a metallic sheen. The dense inflorescences include pink flowers.

Among gardeners, varieties such as Ruby Glow, Rosie Glow, Bon-Bon, Vera Jamieson, Green Expectations, Gooseberry Full, Hab Gray, Crazy Raffles, Xenox, etc. are very popular.

White sedum (Sedum album), or soap dish

Either a bee, or a six-weekday, or living grass, or God's color.

Under natural conditions, this species can be found in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Russia, Western Europe and North Africa. This species was called white stonecrop due to the fact that its fragrant flowers are white, they are part of paniculate inflorescences, which consist of several branches.Such an evergreen perennial plant forms a mat, the height of which is about 50 mm, its vegetative branches are short, and plump, twisted oval-elliptical leaf plates, which are about 10 centimeters long, grow on them. This species has several varieties:

  • white small-flowered - the inflorescences of this form are white, while the spherical green leaf plates never turn red;
  • white wall - This is a lush blooming form with pink inflorescences and bronze or purple leaf plates;
  • white wall kristatum - the overgrown tips of the stems have a dense covering, consisting of leaf plates.

The most popular varieties:

  1. Coral Carpet... The height of the bush is only about 50 mm. Its pale red foliage turns red in autumn.
  2. France... This tall plant is adorned with long green leaf plates, while in bright sunlight they turn pink over time.
  3. Laconicum... The tall bush is adorned with lush, sessile green foliage, which in some cases can turn red.

Sedum acre

Either lamb, or goose soap, or wild pepper, or feverish grass, or younger, or pimple, or blush, or guillemot, or vigorous.

In nature, this species is found in Western Siberia, Asia Minor, the European part of Russia, the Caucasus and North America. If the juice of such a plant gets on the skin, then ulcers can form on it, and the specific name is associated with this. The height of the bush is about 10 centimeters, the shoots are branched and rounded. Bare fleshy alternate leaf plates are green in color and about 0.6 cm long. The foliage does not fly off the bush even in winter. Semi-umbellate inflorescences consist of yellow-golden flowers, which reach about 15 mm in diameter. This species has many different forms:

  • Aureum - in this form, the tips of the stems are pale yellow in spring;
  • Minus - this is a very short form with lush small foliage;
  • Elegans - a low-growing bush is decorated with twisted leaf plates of a variegated color.

False sedum (Sedum spurium)

In nature, this species grows in subalpine meadows, and also on the rocky slopes of Turkey, the Caucasus and Iran. This frost-resistant perennial plant has long creeping rhizomes. Shoots can be ascending or creeping. The opposite fleshy leaf plates of a dark green color are ovoid-wedge-shaped, while they are thick-toothed or crenate along the edge. The composition of the lush shields includes flowers of purple or pink color. This plant has been cultivated since 1816.The following varieties are most popular:

  • Album - the color of the flowers is white, and the foliage is green;
  • Bronze Carpet - the color of the inflorescences is pink, the leaf plates become bronze by autumn;
  • Ruby Mantle - the inflorescences are purple, and the foliage is dark red;
  • Shorbuzer Bluetooth - in the spring, the bush adorns foliage with a red border, while in the fall it turns red.

Gardeners also cultivate varieties such as: Erd Bluet, Fulda Glut, Purpureppih, Koktsineum, Roseum, Salmoneum, etc.

Sedum prominent (Hylotelephium spectabile), or sedum prominent

The homeland of this species is Japan, North Korea and Northeast China. The height of the bush is about 50 cm, while its rhizome is tuberous and thickened. Erect shoots are decorated with large bare sessile leaf plates of a green-blue color, their shape is oval or spatulate, and the edge is jagged. The diameter of the semi-umbilical inflorescences is about 15 centimeters, they consist of flowers reaching 10 mm in diameter, which have a pinkish-lilac or carmine-purple color. In Asia, such a plant has been cultivated for a long time, and in Europe since 1853, a large number of varieties have been cultivated by gardeners:

  • Iceberg - the height of the bush is about 0.35 m, the inflorescences are white;
  • Diamond - This is a relatively old variety with inflorescences consisting of pink flowers with anthers of a rich color and rich pink carpels;
  • Septemberglut - large inflorescences consist of small dark pink flowers;
  • Stardust, Snow Queen - inflorescences of such varieties are white;
  • Meteor, Carmen - these 2 species are similar to each other, and they have purple flowers;
  • Autumn Faye - the height of the bush is about 50 cm, the leaf plates are grayish-green, and the flowers are copper-colored;
  • Neon - a bush with a height of about 0.35 m is decorated with large inflorescences of a rich pink color.

Even in culture, stonecrops such as: spatulate, Alberta, pale yellow, hybrid, thick-leaved, Spanish, Kamchatka, Kuril, carneum, linear, Lydian, vine-shaped, Middendorff, multi-stemmed, annual, Oregon, bent-out, ophthalmic, divergent , Rustic, blue, opposite-leaved, dark red, thick-branched, thin, slender, Troll, narrow-leaved, Forster, six-rowed and subulate.

Most often grown such types of sedum, as: white-pink, anakampseros, blanching, viviparous, Zibolda, Caucasian, false-representative, whorled, backyard, Tatarinova, poplar, Ussuri and Eversa.

Sedum. Its varieties and care.

Stonecrop properties: benefits and harms

Medicinal properties of stonecrop

In alternative medicine, such medicinal types of sedum are used as: prominent, common (large, purple) and caustic.

Common sedum has anti-inflammatory, stimulating, wound healing, antitumor, regenerating, hemostatic and tonic effect. This type is considered a strong biogenic stimulant, which in its activity exceeds aloe, while it acts on the body very gently and does not cause unwanted side effects.

Stonecrop is used as an adjuvant in the treatment of pneumonia, bronchitis, hepatitis, non-healing wounds and trophic ulcers, impotence, nervous disorders, kidney and bladder diseases, and oncological diseases.

And the type of sedum is used for anemia, epilepsy, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, ischemia and pulmonary insufficiency. It helps to stop bleeding, relieve inflammation and pain, neutralize the action of microbes and bacteria, discharge phlegm, remove toxins from the body, restore joint mobility, lower blood pressure, calm the nervous system, heal wounds, dilate blood vessels, stimulate the endocrine glands, lower cholesterol and strengthening the immune system.

The type of sedum is distinguished by its irritating and diuretic effect. It is used in the treatment of malaria, to enhance intestinal motility, increase blood pressure, heal wounds, burns and ulcers, treat catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, dropsy, anemia, jaundice, and tuberculosis of the skin in children. Means made on the basis of caustic sedum have an analgesic effect.

Diabetes mellitus / Folk recipe / Purple sedum (hare cabbage)

Contraindications

Contraindications are available only for caustic stonecrop, because its juice has an irritating effect. Preparations made from such a plant should not be used for hypertensive patients during pregnancy. When used externally, there may be burning, irritation or redness of the skin, and if its juice is taken internally, it can cause nausea. In this regard, before using sedum for treatment, it is necessary to consult with your doctor.


Sedum: types and varieties for open ground

About 600 plant species are known. They are ground cover, erect (tall and short). In home cultivation, the following types of sedum are the most popular.

Prominent

Shrub up to 60 cm high with erect stems. Leaves are light green, succulent. Inflorescences-baskets consist of small pink flowers. The species blooms in September.

Popular varieties:

White or soapy

Perennial with creeping stems, grown as a ground cover plant. The leaves are small, the inflorescences are paniculate with white fragrant flowers. The species can grow in partial shade and is cold-resistant.

White sedum varieties:

Telephium or large

Perennial shrub 25-30 cm high, which prefers to grow in pine forests, in sandy areas. It is a medicinal melliferous plant with thick erect stems. Leaves are oval sessile, opposite or alternate. Inflorescences are corymbose, located at the tops of the shoots, have yellow-green or reddish flowers that bloom in mid-summer.

Thanks to the work of breeders, many varieties of the species have been bred:

  • Matron
  • Black Jack
  • Linda Windsor.

False

A low-growing perennial with creeping or ascending stems. Found in Southwest Asia. Prefers subalpine meadows and rocky slopes. The leaves are fleshy, ovoid-wedge-shaped, have a serrated edge, oppositely arranged. The inflorescences are dense, composed of small purple flowers. The species is characterized by frost resistance.

Common varieties:

Pungent

This species has many popular names: lamb, goose soap, wild pepper, youthful, blushed, vigorous. Low shrub 10 cm high with branchy shoots. The leaves are bare, fleshy, 0.6 cm long. They do not fall off even in winter, so the plant can cover the ground, forming a sod carpet all year round. Different varieties of the species differ in shape and size, but all have flowers of a poisonous yellow hue.

Kamchatka

A low-growing perennial, which is common in the Far East. Prefers rocky slopes. Stems are green, rising, roots are lignified. Inflorescences are corymbose, composed of yellow-orange flowers.


Varieties

The genus includes about 500 species, hundreds of varieties and hybrids. Sedum grows mainly in the northern hemisphere; it is also found south of the equator in South America and Africa.

The greatest diversity is observed in the Mediterranean, the Himalayas, Mexico, China.

White (Album)

Sedum album, as the name suggests, has flowers with white petals. It grows in northern latitudes, in crevices, on stony, well-drained soils.

The flowering period is July-August.

In nature, the perennial forms mat-like colonies in the form of a living carpet. Stems are short, densely leafy. During flowering, they elongate, changing color from green to pink-brown. In sunny places, the leaves, cylindrical with a rounded tip, also acquire a pinkish tint. Star-shaped flowers form dense, simple inflorescences - cymoses.

Coral Carpet is one of the most common white varieties. Ground cover plant. It reaches a height of only 3-7 cm, while forming a green carpet up to 60 cm wide. Ideal for a rock garden.

Red Cauli

Red-leaved hybrid with gorgeous, brightly colored small crimson-red flowers that take on a burgundy hue closer to winter.

It grows up to 20-30 cm, does not form colonies. Large inflorescences, similar to broccoli and reaching 10 cm in diameter, abundantly cover the bush.

The flowering period is up to 6 months, starting in the middle of summer. One of the most beautiful sedum plants in the garden in late autumn.

Prefers neutral or alkaline sandy and limestone soil, loam. Feels good outdoors, in direct sunlight. Does not require special care and watering, it is afraid of stagnant water under the roots.

White-pink (Alboroseum)

Shrub species, stem height from 50 to 85 cm. The tallest of stonecrops. Unpretentious to conditions, does not require fertile soil and does not need replanting. It can bloom in one place for 30 years or more. Winter hardy.

  • Josie Aubergine
  • Frosty Morn
  • Mediovariegatum - bright yellow leaves with a green stripe along the edge. Bush up to 60 cm high.

Telephium

This name hides a large group of subspecies and varieties of stonecrop. Among them there are erect and ampelous plants, undersized (up to 20 cm) and bushy (over 60 cm). They usually grow outdoors.

Popular varieties are:

  • Munstead Dark Red. Differs in large inflorescences that change color from white (bottom) to pink (in the middle) and red (at the top). The foliage takes on a bronze tint over time. It looks spectacular in late autumn. One of the rare stonecrops that can be planted with seeds - it has a high germination and survival rate.
  • Mediovariegata (Mediovariegata) is a variegated species with variegated leaves and erect bushy shoots up to 60 cm high.
  • Purple Emperor is a medium-sized bushy variety (30-60 cm). Purple Emperor is distinguished by purple leaves and large, densely packed purple flower head umbrellas. Long-lived perennial plant, drought tolerant. It needs a transplant every 5-6 years.
  • Autumn Joy. According to the description, the hybrid is considered one of the best plants for decorating the garden in the pre-winter period. Blooms from mid-summer until winter. Due to its ease of growing, it is suitable for beginner gardeners and florists.
  • Touchdown Teak. Unique in its own way with slender purple shoots growing up to 60 cm. Red-brown leaves are large, densely planted, fleshy. Unlike most stonecrops, it produces upward high peduncles with bright red flowers. Keeps shape until frost.
  • Autumn Charm. Variegated variegated hybrid with gray-green toothed leaves, edged with a white border. By the end of summer, creamy buds appear, by mid-fall giving way to red seed heads. The plant is medium-sized (35-45 cm). Dried inflorescences and variegated foliage retain their decorative qualities throughout the winter.
  • Ice Ruffles (Ice Ruffles) - is distinguished by abundant flowering. Cream buds, collected in large corymbose inflorescences. Leaves are fleshy, dense, dark green with cream and red edging. In autumn they turn bronze, and the stems turn red.
  • Strawberry and Cream is a low-growing variety. The height of the bush is up to 30 cm. The unopened buds are pink-red, and the flowers are pure white. Because of this, the inflorescences look two-colored. The variety is winter-hardy, does not require shelter in cold weather.
  • Thunderhead is a bushy species characterized by huge crimson caps of bright colors. Lush umbrellas cover the entire bush, flowering lasts more than 8 weeks. Photophilous, loses brightness in the shade and releases few buds.
  • Herbstfreude, or rabbit cabbage. Tall shrub up to 70 cm, straight stems, light green. Leaves 6 cm long, purple with a bluish tint. The flowers are small, pink at the beginning of flowering, then turn red.

Blue pearl

Ground cover type. Ideal for growing in front of a sun-facing green curb or for edging paths. The blue pearl forms a low, compact mound with fleshy, intensely colored blue-gray leaves that do not fade.

Blooms from late summer all autumn, releasing large groups of bright pink flowers. Stems are strong, erect, 15-20 cm high.

Blue pearl is suitable for growing at home and in a flower garden on the street. Easily reproduces by dividing the bush. A good honey plant, attracts butterflies to the garden.

Rubrotinctum

Sedum red-colored includes many subspecies and varieties. The most popular is Aurora (rubrotinctum cv.aurora variegata).

A stunted succulent plant can grow on bare rocks, forming small colonies. Due to its Mexican origin, it does not tolerate frost well, therefore, in the middle lane, it is more suitable for growing indoors.

Leaves change color from green to red during the summer months as a defensive reaction to excess UV light. In the middle of spring, bright yellow flowers appear between the stems. The modest fellow is unpretentious, easily tolerates a transplant.

Nussbaumer (Nussbaumerianum)

A very interesting elegant look with variegated leaves, whose color varies from pale green to yellow-orange.

Winner of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain.

Low-growing (20 cm) evergreen perennial shrub with beautiful rosettes of fleshy pointed 5 cm leaves, acquiring a golden hue at the tops.

It can form small cushion colonies up to 1 m wide. It blooms in spring, releasing spherical clusters of fragrant, star-shaped white flowers with pink anthers.

Despite its excellent decorative qualities, it is easy to grow. It can be planted in any soil: acidic, neutral, alkaline.

Xenox

This is a group of hybrids popular for decorating an autumn garden. Regular plants reach 30-40 cm. Colonies do not form, therefore they are suitable for creating living compositions with other types of flowers.

The following hybrids are popular in the world:

  • Telefium — the flowers are light pink.
  • Yellow - yellow inflorescences.
  • Iridescent - during flowering, petals of different shades are formed: brown, dark pink, orange, yellow.

Prominent (Spectabile)

It got its name for its bright colors, translated from Latin “Spectabile” means “attractive”. Pronunciation - Spectabil.

Bushes are high, up to 65 cm, straight thick stems, oval leaves with a jagged edge. Differs in the rapid growth of tubers.

The most common varieties:

  • Brilliant - introduced in China in 1913. The ancestor of hundreds of other varieties. The bush is powerful and dense, up to 50 cm in height, the inflorescences are lush, pink. Blooms in September-October. Photophilous.
  • Rosenteller (Rosenteller) - bush up to 40 cm tall, star-shaped flowers, have a crimson color, collected in the flowers-umbrellas. Good honey plant.
  • Neon (Neon) - so called because of the lilac-pink colors, very bright and lush. The bush is high, 50-60 cm. Loves light and light soils, winters well without shelter.
  • Iceberg (Iceberg) is a low (up to 40 cm) bush with white-cream flowers, collected in umbellate inflorescences. Leaves are fleshy, light green. Blooms in August and early September. Photophilous, prefers fertile soils.
  • Carmen (Carmen) is a dense bush up to 50 cm in height and 30-40 cm in width. Leaves are oval with jagged edges, dark at the bottom and light green closer to the top of the stem. The flowers are pink-red, small. The flowering period is from August to October.
  • Stardust is a tall shrub with white, star-shaped flowers. Leaves are light green, dense. Keeps decorative all year round. Blooms from August to October.

False (Spurium)

The second name of the species is Caucasian sedum. It grows in Georgia, the North Caucasus, Armenia, as well as in Turkey (in the northern regions). Unpretentious to conditions, it feels good even on rocky slopes with a minimum of nutritious soil. Very frost-resistant species.

Sedum varieties and species with photos

The most common varieties:

  • Spurium Tricolor (Tricolor) - forms a carpet of leaves, the height of the stems 10-15 cm. Each leaf is bordered by a strip that changes color according to the season. Hence the name - tricolor. The brightness of the color depends on the lighting. The most dry-resistant species.
  • Dragon Blood (Dragons Blood) - ground cover with small red-burgundy leaves. Prefers sandy loose soils, winters well in the ground. Not susceptible to attacks of insect pests.
  • Voodoo (Voodoo) - grows in the Crimea, Western Europe, Asia Minor. The leaves are burgundy, glossy, opposite. The length of the shoots is up to 15 cm. The stems spread along the ground, have adventitious roots.
  • Raspberry - bush sedum, up to 25 cm high. Stems are dense, with flat dark green leaves. Flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, begin to bloom in the second year.
  • Purple carpet - has the second name Skripun. The leaves are serrated, fleshy, with a bluish bloom. The flowers are bright, pink-scarlet, bloom in late summer. The height of the bush is 28-33 cm.
  • Fuldaglut is a creeping variety with green-bronze foliage and relatively large red flowers.

Groundcover, creeping and ampelous

Siebold (sieboldii) is a deciduous compact perennial native to Japan. Poorly tolerates large frosts, has rounded leaves with a bluish edging. Pink flowers appear in the fall.

Other popular representatives:

  • Dwarf: Dark Magic, Winky
  • Rocky (reflexum): Angelina (Angelina), Blue Spruce (Blue Spruce), unfolded scallop Kristatum (Cristatum), Blue Forest (Blue Forest), Lidakense (cauticola Lidakense)
  • Nevii: Silver Frost, Starfish, or Sea Star
  • Sunsparkler: Blue Elf, Firecracker, Firecracker, Sunsparkler Dazzleberry, Wildfire.

This large group also includes the following species and varieties found on sale: Lydian (mossy) (lydium), acrid or Stone rose (acre), Steel (Stahl) (stahlii), Six-row (sexangulare), escaping (stoloniferum), creeping (humifusum), linear (lineare), Morgana (morganianum), spathulifolium, thick-leaved or pachyphyllum (pachyphyllum), Spanish or gray (hispanicum), Makinoi (makinoi), thick-branched (pachyclados), sedme cyaneum), hexagonal or hexagonal (sexangulare), Rubens Lizard or rubens Lizard, Lime Zinger, Bertram Anderson hybrid, Oregon or cream (oregonense), Forster (forsteranum), Weinbergii , dasyphyllum, carneum, treleasei, anglicum, hakonense Chocolate Ball, clavatum or clavatum, thick-leaved or dasiphyllum d asyphyllum), compressed or compressum (compressum), griseum (griseum), multiceps (multiceps), hintonii (hintonii), scaly (furfuraceum), spathulifolium Cape Blanco.

Shrub and semi-shrub

Populifolium is the only Siberian semi-shrub species. High half-meter shoots lignify with age. The flat leaves are shaped like poplar leaves.

Also found in garden plots: tenacious (aizoon), Middendorf (middendorfianum), Linda Windsor (Linda Windsor), Pinky (Pinky), Kamchatka Caramel (kamtschaticum Caramel), Adolph (adolphii), Oriental Dancer (Oriental Dancer), hybrid Jose Oberdzhin (Jose Aubergine), picolette (picolette), Sultan (Sultan), Elina (Eline), Frosted Fire hybrid (Frosted Fire).


Types and varieties

In garden culture, broom is common, but some of its species are especially popular.

Corona broom (Cytisus scoparius)

The plant is native to southern and central Europe. The bush reaches a height of 3 m, its thin green shoots at a young age are pubescent with petiolate leaves, alternate, trifoliate. Leaf lobes are obtuse, oval or oblong-lanceolate, entire. The upper leaves are often single-leafed. Irregular light yellow flowers, forming singly or in pairs in the leaf axils, are located on a pubescent peduncle. The fruit of the plant is a flattened long and narrow pod with seeds. The plant has been in cultivation for a very long time. It has many decorative forms, which, unfortunately, can only be grown in regions with warm winters:

  • Burkwoodii - broom with red-scarlet flowers with a yellow border
  • Killiney red - a plant with bright red flowers
  • Andreanus Splendens - a shrub with yellow and scarlet flowers.

In the photo: Corona broom (Cytisus scoparius)

Creeping broom (Cytisus decumbens)

In the wild, it is found in southern Europe: it descended from the light pine forests of the Dalmatian Mountains. It is a sprawling shrub up to 20 cm high and up to 80 cm in diameter.It has green, pubescent five-ribbed shoots, which root very easily, and oblong-lanceolate dark green leaves up to 2 cm long, pubescent below.Yellow flowers up to one and a half centimeters long are arranged one by one or several in the leaf axils. In culture, the species has been since 1775. The creeping broom is notable for its winter hardiness, but in very severe cold it can freeze slightly.

In the photo: Creeping broom (Cytisus decumbens)

Early broom (Cytisus praecox)

This is an unpretentious plant up to one and a half meters high with branchy arcuate thin branches forming a dense crown. Leaves are narrow, lanceolate, light green, up to 2 cm long, the root system is superficial. The bright yellow flowers abundantly covering the bush have a pungent odor. This species is frost-resistant. The most famous varieties:

  • Olgold - broom with bright yellow flowers that open before the leaves appear
  • Broom Boscope Ruby - shrub up to 2 m high with oblong-lanceolate leaves and ruby ​​flowers on the outside, painted from the inside in a mauve shade.

In the photo: Early broom (Cytisus praecox)

Crowded broom (Cytisus aggregatus)

A dwarf species of interest from Eastern Europe. It reaches a height of 30 to 50 cm, while the diameter of the bush is about 80 cm. The plant blooms and bears fruit from the age of three. Its flowers are bright yellow. Good frost resistance, but sometimes the ends of the shoots can freeze over.

Sessile broom (Cytisus sessilifolius)

This is a plant from Western Europe up to one and a half meters high with trifoliate leaves and bright yellow flowers up to 1.5 cm long, forming on shortened peduncles. Winter hardiness in this species is low: above the snow cover, the shoots freeze over, therefore, with the onset of cold weather, the plant needs shelter.

In the photo: Sessile broom (Cytisus sessilifolius)

Blackened broom (Cytisus nigricans = Lembotropis nigricans)

It grows in Belarus, Ukraine, the European part of Russia and Western Europe. The plant got this name because when dried its leaves turn black. The shrub grows up to 1 m in height, its shoots are covered with short, pressed hairs. Golden yellow flowers are formed in 15-30 pieces in a vertical spike-shaped inflorescence at the ends of the shoots. The blackened broom is very attractive during the flowering period.

In the photo: Blackened broom (Cytisus nigricans = Lembotropis nigricans)

Zinger's broom (Cytisus zingerii)

Inhabits mixed forests in the upper reaches of the Dnieper. It reaches a height of 1 m, on young shoots there is golden pubescence and light green trifoliate leaves, and during the flowering period, when yellow flowers appear from each sinus, the shoots become like golden ears. Unfortunately, this species is still rare in culture.

Also known to gardeners are oblong (or elongated), protruding flowering (or edge-flowered, or floating-flowered) and Cusian brooms.

Broomsticks are also called representatives of the related genus Rakitnichek (Chamaecytisus), which can often be found in gardens.

Russian broom (Chamaecytisus ruthenicus = Cytisus ruthenicus)

It is a deciduous shrub up to one and a half meters high with curving branches covered with gray bark. The shoots of the plant are pubescent with a silky bristle, the leaves are trifoliate, consisting of lanceolate-elliptical leaves up to 2 cm long with a thorn at the top. Above the leaves are grayish-green, below they are covered with dense pubescence. The flowers of the Russian broom are yellow, up to 3 cm long, they form in the axils of the leaves 3-5 pieces and bloom for about four weeks. The species is characterized by unpretentious care and drought resistance.

In the photo: Russian broom (Chamaecytisus ruthenicus = Cytisus ruthenicus)

Broom purple (Chamaecytisus purpureus = Cytisus purpureus)

Descended from the mountains of Central and Southern Europe. It is a creeping plant up to 60 cm high with a spreading crown and rising branches, densely covered with trifoliate leaves with broadly elliptical lobes. The species is distinguished by its rapid growth. In winter, it freezes over a lot, but recovers well. The purple broom has a highly decorative variety:

  • Atropurpurea - a sprawling shrub with purple-pink flowers. Also popular is the Golden Rain hybrid broom, which is also called Adam's broom.

The following varieties of purple broom are also in demand:

  • broom Albus - shrub up to 45 cm high with white flowers. The variety was bred in 1838
  • Roseus - plant with pink flowers
  • Albokarneus - variety with pale pink flowers
  • Amzaticus - broom with purple-blue flowers
  • Elogantus - variety with hanging shoots and purple-red flowers
  • Captivity - broom with double flowers
  • Depression - dwarf variety up to 20 cm high with very small leaves and fruits.

In the photo: Purple broom (Chamaecytisus purpureus = Cytisus purpureus)

Regensburg broom (Chamaecytisus ratisbonensis = Cytisus ratisbonensis)

It occurs naturally in the Dnieper basin. This is a spreading plant up to 30 cm high with trifoliate leaves and shoots silvery from pubescence. The flowers of the Regensburg broom are bright yellow. The garden form of the species is popular:

  • Biflorus - a plant with silvery-pubescent leaves at a young age. In general, the species is resistant to both drought and frost, therefore, it is found in gardens from the middle zone up to Novosibirsk. The species was introduced into culture in 1800.

In the photo: Regensburg broom (Chamaecytisus ratisbonensis = Cytisus ratisbonensis)

In addition to the species described, such brooms of the Rakitnichek genus are popular: Roshal, Podolsky, recumbent, naked elongated and Blotsky. And the plant, familiar to readers as the golden broom, does not belong to broomsticks: it is anagiriform bean, or anagirolist, or Golden rain - a species of the Bobovnik genus.


Watch the video: Robertas 50-pc. Purple Trample Me Creeping Thyme Collection with Jacque Gonzales


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