Gardening tools are not cheap, so experienced gardeners carefully prepare them for winter. This allows you to keep them in good condition for a long time.
Before you send your tools to your shed or garage for the whole winter, be sure to check their condition and do not forget to clean them of all contamination. Remove plant residues and soil from the surface of the inventory, rinse thoroughly and dry. After that, proceed to a thorough inspection.
Check the sharpness of the cutting parts of the tools, and if they are dull, do not forget to sharpen.
If the metal part of the shovel or rake is loose, fix it with additional nails or drive a wooden chopstick between the parts of the tool. Such equipment should not be left without repair, because next season it will be inconvenient and dangerous to work with. If the wooden handle has become too rotten at the base, it is better not to repair it, but to shorten it or completely replace it with a new one.
If you find burrs on the shaft, be sure to remove them.
To do this, sand the damaged wood with coarse sandpaper (quickly removes burrs), and then softer (removes all roughness). The lawn mower should also be checked before wintering. Drain gasoline, clean off grass residues, unscrew and dry spark plugs. Equipment that is completely unusable must be replaced with a new one. Winter is best for this, because the summer season is still far away, and all the tools are cheaper than usual.
Staying in the barn all winter can dry out the wooden handles severely, rendering the equipment unusable. To prevent this from happening, treat the wooden parts with a mixture of linseed oil and varnish gasoline in a 1: 1 ratio.
Lubricate all metal parts of the tools with machine oil, pack in oiled paper.
Remove wheels from wheelbarrows and carts, and grease all moving parts with grease. Treat the cutting parts of the mower with alcohol. Once completely dry, lubricate them with machine oil and wrap with oiled paper.
To prevent the wooden parts of the inventory from becoming moldy, store them in a dry and well-ventilated area. A shed, garage or garden house is best suited for this, and in extreme cases, you can use the glazed balcony of a city apartment.Shovels, pitchforks, rakes and other large items, consisting of a shaft and a metal part, are best stored in a horizontal position, for example on shelves. In extreme cases, you can hang them on hooks, as long as the storage location is not too high above the ground. In this case, when falling, heavy and sharp objects will not harm a person.
All cutting equipment (scissors, pruning shears, knife, saw) must be kept hanging.
It is important that the tools do not touch each other and all other surfaces. If the wheelbarrows and carts are stored outdoors, turn them upside-down to prevent water from accumulating in them and causing them to rust.
Walk around the garden and see every little thing! Particular attention is paid to metal containers. They can be the first to suffer from frost.
Place iron barrels on one side
In order for the harvest in the new season to please with an abundance of fruits, in the fall it is necessary to prepare the soil for wintering. If this work is carried out in October or early November, then in the spring it will only be necessary to loosen the surface. So you will help the earth to better endure the frosts and make it easier for yourself to open the season. GARDENA experts will tell you what to do and which tools will be most effective.
The plant is a parasite of the broomrape family, belongs to the genus chlorophyll-free perennial or annual herbaceous. The family has more than 150 species, and the most common are 40. This diversity is explained by the wide range of plants that become hosts for the broomrape. The most dangerous are those species that affect sunflower, fodder, vegetables and melons.
To begin with, it is imperative to free the beds from unwanted vegetation, and then fertilize the land with organic and complex minerals containing potassium and phosphorus.
If the soil is clayey, you can additionally sprinkle it with ash, sand, compost or humus, making it waterproof and loose. To retain moisture in sandy soil, sawdust, leaf humus, and compost are suitable. But with acidic soils it is more difficult: lime, dolomite flour and chalk will serve as an excellent neutralizer.
Comfortable handle for easy digging
After recovery, it is necessary to proceed to the digging process. It is best to do it in a dumping way: turn each clod of earth and seal it up to the depth of a shovel bayonet. Thanks to this technique, weed seeds will sink down and will not be able to germinate during the winter season. It is very important not to break up clods of earth so that the soil does not freeze in the cold. In the spring, it will soak on its own and become crumbly.
Comfortable support prevents the foot from slipping during work
The GARDENA TerralineTM Bayonet Shovel will help you to dig comfortably while the soil is already slightly frozen. The extra wide handle provides good force application, and the soft plastic components provide a comfortable and comfortable grip during hard work. The hardened blade of the shovel is made of high quality steel with an improved coating.
If you have a lot of earthworms on your property, then it is better to use villas. Thanks to worms, an organic part of the soil is created - humus, so their vital activity is important for every gardener.
TerralineTM Garden Villas
TerralineTM Garden Villas are great for preparing the soil for winter without damaging its contents and keeping the user safe. Oversized offensive protection with strong foot support reduces the risk of injury from accidental foot slip.
Many gardeners skip autumn soil activities, leaving them for the spring, which is a gross mistake. After a good harvest, the land weakens, and it is important to put it in order before the onset of cold weather.
Of all the types of raspberries, some summer residents prefer to grow remontant raspberries on their plots, primarily because it gives two harvests per season. Correct pruning and preparation of remontant raspberries for winter will help you get a good harvest next year.
Repaired raspberries look the same as ordinary ones and are practically no different from them. A slight difference is that the berries give both two-year-old shoots (just like the usual raspberries) and annuals. The first crop ripens a week or two earlier than the standard varieties, the second in August-September. Preparing remontant raspberries for winter consists in pruning all two-year-old shoots that bear fruit. And in early spring, only the tops are cut off by about 10-15 cm.
The plant spends a lot of energy on ripening two harvests, so the specialists decided to use a special technology for growing remontant raspberries - as an annual crop. This method is gaining more and more popularity every year. In this case, the harvest is one, but plentiful, and with proper care you can get 1.5-2.5 kg of fruit from one bush. If the remontant raspberry is grown as an annual crop, it is less whimsical. There is no need for any treatments, since in the first year pests (for example, a raspberry beetle, a weevil and some others) are almost absent, the berries are environmentally friendly, there are no worms among them. In addition, the harvest is much larger than with ordinary raspberries. The main feature when growing using this technology is that at the time of the onset of the first frost (namely, at this time, the outflow of nutrients to the roots from the leaves begins), all shoots must be removed to the soil level. You can do this in the spring, until the buds have blossomed, otherwise the root system will waste nutrients. It is better to take out cut shoots from the site, they can contain various infections and pests.
Pruning remontant raspberries is an important event, but care and preparation for winter is not limited to this. Do not forget about additional nutrition and watering. Repaired raspberries consume 1.5-2 times more nutrients than ordinary raspberries. It is recommended to feed the cut raspberries with wood ash, and sprinkle them with humus or compost on top. Such mulch will simultaneously feed and protect the root system from freezing.
If the remontant raspberry is planted in the fall, then in the spring of next year, when new shoots are 10-15 cm long, it is imperative to cut off the old stems. They can carry various diseases, which will later be transmitted to young shoots. In addition, such pruning of remontant raspberries will help young shoots grow stronger and develop more actively.
Any raspberry does not like thickening, and even more remontant varieties, therefore, in May, when the shoots grow up to 30-40 cm, it is necessary to thin out, leaving no more than 12 shoots per running meter, and the bush from the bush at least 70 cm.
Experts recommend having two types of raspberries on the site: regular and remontant, so with proper pruning and proper care, you can harvest your favorite berries all summer and almost all autumn.
This question worries those who use the suburban area both for recreation and for growing vegetables and fruits.
Preparing a summer cottage for winter is necessary to preserve soil fertility and increase it, carrying out measures to prepare a summer cottage will allow him to safely transfer the winter period. In addition, some work performed in the fall will save time in the spring, when there is already a lot of work.
Experienced summer residents are advised to start preparatory work in the fall, without waiting for frost, and carry them out in a certain sequence.
In order to preserve the planting and lay a good harvest for next year, the following work is carried out:
• the land plot is cleared of household and garden waste, but it is worth remembering that dry grass provides snow retention. Small-diameter remnants of cut trees and shrubs can be laid as mulch under bushes of raspberries, currants ... or in the garden in the tree trunks. Also, organic residues, if possible, can be shredded using a garden shredder or other device for covering the beds.
In the beds and in the garden, green manure seeds are sown under the trees to increase soil fertility. If the time for sowing siderates has passed (frosts are coming), the bare soil is mulched with hay, straw, husks, rotted sawdust or fallen leaves. In the spring, before sowing, green manures are cut and remain in the garden.
• tree trunks, if necessary, are cleaned of dead bark with a metal brush. Pests are removed along with it.
Whitewashing the trunks creates a protective layer from rodents and insects, and also prevents the bark from heating and cracking from the sun's rays in winter.
After the foliage has fallen off, the branches on the trees are pruned, and the root system is abundantly filled with water in the absence of precipitation.
Young and thermophilic trees use agrofibre or cardboard and leaves to insulate their trunks.
Thin branches are tied with ropes so that they do not break under the weight of the snow
• shrubs (blackberries, currants, raspberries) need careful preparation. First of all, they are trimmed and cleaned of old trunks.
A garter is made to protect from the wind.
Trunk holes are filled with water and mulched with humus, sawdust or peat
• Bulbs of perennial plants are laid in a cool place before planting in the spring. A sand box is often used for this purpose.
Perennials, such as roses, are covered with foil or buried in.
Peonies and hydrangeas do not hide for the winter, but faded stems are necessarily cut off.
Some types of flowers are planted during the winter. For example, snowdrop, hyacinth and tulip are buried in a fertilized plot of land
• before the onset of frost, the lawn is cut. The stem height should not be too low.
The mown lawn is cleared of grass and dry leaves. Lawn grass is sown in bald spots
• before frost, shrubs, trees and vegetables are planted.
Planting pits are prepared for trees and shrubs, fertilizers are applied, watering and planting are carried out. It is necessary to pay attention to the quality of the planting material and not to violate the planting technology.
A good harvest is given by crops planted in the fall, as they receive enough moisture and germinate quickly.
As a rule, onions, garlic, parsley, lettuce, dill are planted during this period.
The amount of work depends on the type of country house. There are many types of stationary buildings where normal living conditions are created. We will talk about such a house.
• Roof is inspected. There should be no damaged slate and roofing material on it, as this will lead to leakage and the formation of fungus. The roof is strengthened and well insulated.
Wasp and other nests should not be left in the attic. To remove them, special chemicals are used.
• Gutters are cleared of fallen leaves and debris. So that they are not crushed by ice, they are removed or covered with sheet material.
After that, the covering around the house is necessarily protected from destruction, for example, with old linoleum.
• The condition of the canopy above the entrance is checked.
It must withstand the pressure of the falling snow. If there is no confidence in its reliability, then it is removed.
• The tightness of the windows is checked. From a draft and penetrated moisture, destruction inside the house can occur in a few months.
In addition, if the shutters on the windows are not used, then they are covered with shields made of wood or metal. These measures will protect against unauthorized entry.
Preparation inside the house is no less important than on the outside. The list of works includes:
• spring-cleaning. Dust is removed with a damp cloth and the floor is washed. Special attention is paid to the kitchen. Products are taken with them or placed in sealed containers.
The dishes are washed, dried and folded into the cupboard.
Clothes and bedding are dried.
To protect against moisture and moths, special preparations are laid.
To protect against rodents, bait or herbs are used that repel pests.
All furniture is covered with a thick cloth or plastic wrap
• power outage. The power grids at the entrance to the house are de-energized. The condition of the supply cable is checked. It should not have twists and damaged insulation.
• water shutdown. All taps are left ajar.
Water is drained from all tanks that are inside and outside the house. Water should not remain in pipes, toilet cistern, irrigation system, as ice can break them.
With autonomous water supply, pumping equipment must be removed from a well or well, and then, according to the instructions, conservation is performed.
Preparation of outbuildings
After preparing the country house for the winter, it is necessary to tackle the outbuildings, which, as a rule, are used to store garden tools.
Shovels, rakes, forks, saws, scythes and other tools are cleaned of dirt, lubricated and neatly stacked.
It is better to take complex equipment home.
The winter period can be used to repair and replace worn out equipment, so it is carefully examined.
The utility room must be dry and well ventilated. Various fertilizers can be stored here, if their temperature regimes are not violated. Chemicals should be stored in sealed, signed containers until next season.
Doors are reinforced at buildings, door hinges and locks are oiled.
So, there are a lot of options for preparing a summer cottage for the winter. If the preparation is done correctly in the fall, then you can not worry about his condition.
The main thing is that in this case, a long recovery will not be required before the summer cottage season.